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375 Possible Causes for Dyskinesia, Dystonia, focal dystonia becomes segmental or generalized

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  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    With a stronger family history, a significantly lower AaO was seen in all focal dystonias.[] Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) is a genetically heterogeneous, isolated form of dystonia.[] Moreover, a previous 11C-diprenorphine PET study investigating levodopa-induced dyskinesias found reduced opioid receptor availability in PD with but not without dyskinesias[]

  • Meige Syndrome

    Meige syndrome is a type of focal dystonia characterized by blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia.[] […] syndrome is an adult-onset dystonic movement disorder that predominantly involves facial muscles, while some patients with this syndrome develop spasmodic dysphonia and dystonia[] 2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 333.82 Orofacial dyskinesia 2015 Billable Thru Sept 30/2015 Non-Billable On/After Oct 1/2015 ICD-9-CM 333.82 is a billable medical code that can[]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    Related phenotypes are torticollis and cerebellar atrophy Disease Ontology : 12 A focal dystonia characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance of adult-onset cervical dystonia[] DYT-PRRT2 Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia AD DYT10 DYT-MR-1 Paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia AD DYT8 DYT-SLC2A1 Paroxysmal exertion-induced dyskinesia AD DYT18 a Due[] However other focal dystonias may not respond and may even be made worse by this treatment.[]

  • Oromandibular Dystonia

    Oromandibular dystonia is a form of focal dystonia affecting the mouth, jaw and tongue, and in this disease it is hard to speak. It is associated with bruxism.[] Male gender, orobuccolingual dyskinesias (facial grimacing, lip biting, tongue dyskinesias, platysma contractions and bruxism) and better response to botulinum toxin injections[] Oromandibular dystonia is a focal dystonia involving the masticatory and/or tongue muscles.[]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    Mondet L, Radoubé F, Gras V, Masmoudi K Acute Focal Dystonia After a Single Dose of Oral Cetirizine in a 9-Year-Old Boy.[] Moreover, a serious and debilitating form of the disorder called tardive dystonia may follow. There are no tests tailored to diagnose drug-induced dystonia.[] Dyskinesia Risk factors for the development of tardive dyskinesia are older age, female sex, and the presence of affective disorders.[]

  • Blepharospasm

    BACKGROUND: Isolated blepharospasm (BSP) is a late-onset focal dystonia characterized by involuntary contractions of the orbicularis oculi muscles.[] Evidente VG (2002) Zolpidem improves dystonia in "Lubag" or X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism syndrome. Neurology 58:662-663.[] Like tardive dyskinesia, blepharospasm can be disfiguring and aesthetically distressing, contributing to the increased stigmatization of patients.[]

  • Paroxysmal Exertion-Induced Dyskinesia

    Activation of the primary motor cortex and cerebellum is frequently observed during dystonic attacks in patients with focal dystonia.[] PED is characterized by dyskinesias induced by prolonged exercise of 15-60 minutes of duration.[] […] exertion-induced dyskinesia, and paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia.[]

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

    dystonia.[] […] movements of the fingers or the face Dystonia - Slow rotating movements of the torso, arms or legs Chorea - Sudden spasms in fingers and toes Rigidity - Limited movement Dyskinesia[] dystonia).[]

  • Orofacial Dyskinesia

    Botox injections are used for minor focal dystonia, but not in more advanced tardive dyskinesia.[] Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is perhaps the most common of these and includes jaw opening, jaw closing, and jaw deviation dystonia.[] Disturbances in the proprioception following loss of tooth may be a contributory factor for edentulous dyskinesia.[]

  • Movement Disorder

    dystonia.[] Abstract Adult-onset dystonia (AOD) may manifest in focal forms (as blepharospasm, oromandibular dystonia, cervical dystonia, laryngeal dystonia, and hand dystonia) or in[] We describe a 13-year-old girl who had features of both paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia and paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia that was misdiagnosed as refractory epilepsy[]

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