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211 Possible Causes for Dysmorphic Face, Narrow Forehead, Scoliosis

  • Marfan Syndrome

    Ocular proptosis Widely spaced eyes Downslanted palpebral fissures Malar flattening High narrow palate with prominent palatine ridges Micrognathia and/or retrognathia Apparently[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients typically have associated problems in addition to scoliosis.[scoliosisassociates.com] Halogravity traction can be a useful tool in the preoperative treatment of scoliosis in patients with Marfan syndrome if applied for 3 weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Prader-Willi Syndrome

    Characteristic facial features (a narrow forehead, almond-shaped eyes, a thin upper lip and down-turned mouth), as well as very small hands and feet, are frequently observed[orpha.net] The literature dealing with scoliosis surgery in PWS consists of only few case reports.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Additional features of this condition include distinctive facial features such as a narrow forehead , almond-shaped eyes, and a triangular mouth; short stature; and small[web.archive.org]

  • Smith Lemli Opitz Syndrome

    forehead, hyperthelorism, micrognathia, anteverted nares, ambiguous genitalia, and signs of intrauterine growth restriction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A high percentage of children with SLOS also have Autism, and many also develop hearing issues, vision problems, cataracts, scoliosis, osteoporosis, hypocholesterolemia, and[disability-benefits-help.org] We present the case of an infant born by cesarean section for fetal suffering (Apgar score 8/1′–8/5′), with multiple malformations (dysmorphic face, polydactyly, syndactyly[endocrine-abstracts.org]

  • Achondroplasia

    Other manifestations of achrondoplasia include a bulging forehead, saddle nose, protruding jaw , deeply incurved lower back with prominent buttocks, and a narrow chest; women[britannica.com] Bony characteristics such as vertebral anomalies, lordosis and lumbar scoliosis, limited mouth opening and cervical spine instability make the administration of anesthesia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other manifestations of achrondoplasia include a bulging forehead, saddle nose, protruding jaw, deeply incurved lower back with prominent buttocks, and a narrow chest; women[britannica.com]

  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    Narrow drooping shoulders caused by complete or partial absence of collarbones (clavicles) are also apparent in patients with this disorder.[web.archive.org] […] therapy, or progressive scoliosis after skeletal maturation.[web.archive.org] The patient's family history showed his father and eldest daughter with similar dysmorphic faces, skeletal disorders and proximal upper extremity weakness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Russell-Silver Syndrome

    Narrow chin Small jaw Downturned corners of the mouth Fifth finger clinodactyly May have coffee coloured birthmark *Please be aware, not all of the characteristics may be[littlepeopleuk.org] […] manifestations were short stature (25 patients), limb-length discrepancy (23 patients), clinodactyly (19 patients) metacarpal bone and phalangeal abnormalities (13 patients), scoliosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and further dysmorphisms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Three M Syndrome

    Characteristic craniofacial malformations typically include a long, narrow head (dolichocephaly), an unusually prominent forehead (frontal bossing), and a triangular-shaped[healthetreatment.com] The spine is unusually curved (scoliosis), and often the fingers bones are curved (clinodactyly). The individual’s facial features may be affected in varying degrees.[wiki.ggc.edu] The significant features of this syndrome include facial dysmorphism with gloomy face and very short stature, but no radiological abnormality or hormone deficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pyknodysostosis

    , high narrow palate and dental abnormalities.[medigoo.com] Most of the observed features were comparable to the other case reports but some findings such as repeated chest infection, sleep apnea, kyphosis, scoliosis, root shortness[jdt.tums.ac.ir] Keywords Mandibular Angle Uniparental Disomy Dental Anomaly Lumbar Scoliosis Homozygosity Mapping These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.[link.springer.com]

  • Cerebro-Facio-Thoracic Dysplasia

    Abstract We report another case of cerebro-facio-thoracic dysplasia (Pascual-Castroviejo syndrome) characterized by mental retardation and characteristic facies: narrow forehead[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Otherfindings included abdominal recti muscle diastasis anddorsolumbar scoliosis.[docslide.com.br] Wieczorek Dagmar - - 2003 We describe an 8.5-year-old boy with facial dysmorphism consisting of a round and flat face, telecanthus, periorbital fullness, short nose, downturned[biomedsearch.com]

  • Seckel Syndrome

    forehead Decreased width of the forehead 0000341 Pachygyria 0001302 Pancytopenia Low blood cell count 0001876 Pes planus Flat feet Flat foot [ more ] 0001763 Postnatal growth[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] The patient with osteodysplastic dwarfism type II had skeletal abnormalities including lumbar scoliosis, a small and high pelvis, metaphyseal flaring of the distal radii and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] face (bird-like), and mild to severe intellectual disability.[orpha.net]

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