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556 Possible Causes for Dysphagia, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    Infectious mononucleosis is a common viral infection known to cause pharyngitis and fever. It is primarily an infection of teenagers and young adults caused by the Epstein Barr virus. The majority of patients with infectious mononucleosis have mild symptoms. However a few will complain of the following features: Once[…][]

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    Schalock PC, Dinulos JG: Mycoplasma pneumoniaeinduced Stevens-Johnson syndrome without skin lesions: fact or fiction? J Amer Acad Dermatol 2005, 52: 312–315.[] Ravin KA, Rappaport LD, Zuckerbraun NS, et al.: Mycoplasma pneumoniae and atypical Stevens-Johnson syndrome: a case series . Pediatrics 2007, 119: e1002–e1005.[]

  • Oral Candidiasis

    Stevens Johnson Syndrome / Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (rare) can occur from a few days up to 2 months after starting a medication.[] In the OIRR group, 65.2 percent of patients who experienced dysphagia developed oral candidiasis, compared with only 10 percent in the ONIRR group.[] More frequently, however, it is physically uncomfortable, and the patient may complain of burning mouth, dysgeusia, dysphagia, anorexia, and weight loss, leading to nutritional[]

  • Esophageal Stenosis

    A 5-year-old girl with Stevens-Johnson syndrome developed progressive dysphagia secondary to esophageal stenosis.[] All patients underwent dilatation for relief of their dysphagia.[] The further clinical course was uneventful with no more episodes of dysphagia.[]

  • Chronic Laryngitis

    Pemphigus, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, systemic lupus erythematous, and epidermolysis bullosa are among the most important conditions.[] The most common symptoms were dysphonia (53%), pain/soreness (45%), globus sensation (40%), cough (33%), excessive throat clearing (28%), and dysphagia (32%).[] Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) or odynophagia (pain on swallowing). Signs of serious systemic illness.[]

  • Pharyngitis

    […] inhalation, trauma, orogastric or nasogastric tube, and persistent cough Primary allergic reaction Secondary to postnasal discharge from allergic or infectious etiologies StevenJohnson[] An 83-year-old man with well-controlled diabetes mellitus and hypertension was admitted due to dyspnea, odynophagia, and dysphagia.[] Treatment of odynophagia and dysphagia by flurbiprofen 8.75 mg lozenges. Pain Research & Management 2012;17(3):203.[]

  • Lower Esophageal Ring

    Associated diseases Thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, graft-versus-host disease, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, psoriasis, blistering skin diseases, and pernicious anaemia[] Lower esophageal ring may be managed satisfactorily through oral dilation, resulting in relief of dysphagia.[] Autoimmune theory Autoimmune diseases have been associated with esophageal webs and include thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, graft versus host disease, Stevens-Johnson[]

  • Plummer-Vinson Syndrome

    スティーブンス・ジョンソン Stevens-Johnson syndrome スティーブンス・ジョンソン症候群 AlbertMason Stevens (1884-1945) American pediatrician and Frank Chambliss Johnson(1894-1934) American pediatrician[] Plummer-Vinson syndrome, comprising a triad of dysphagia, iron deficiency anaemia and cricoid webs, is rarely reported in children.[] AN iron-deficiency anemia associated with chronic dysphagia and glossitis in women between forty and fifty years of age is now known as side-ropenic dysphagia.[]

  • Paraneoplastic Syndrome

    Increased soluble Fas ligand levels in patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis preceding skin detachment.[] This 59-year-old man developed ophthalmoplegia, dysarthria, dysphagia, pruritus, ataxia, corticobulbar and corticospinal signs in association with prostate cancer.[] In addition, there was a progression to a severe reduction in proximal muscle strength with severe dysphagia.[]

  • Mycoplasma Pneumonia

    The authors report a case of Stevens Johnson syndrome in association with Mycoplasma pneumoniae in a 5-y- old girl who recovered with IvIg therapy.[] However, cutaneous lesions spread and became severe (Figure 2), involving all digestive mucosa to a degree that affected liquid and food intake (signs of dysphagia and diarrhea[] Stevens-Johnson syndrome Mycoplasma pneumoniae mucositis Accepted October 18, 2006.[]

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