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57 Possible Causes for Dyspnea, Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Abnormal, Mild Anemia

  • Thalassemia

    Thalassemia is usually diagnosed through the use of blood tests showing small abnormally shaped red blood cells and/or a hemoglobin electrophoresis showing abnormal hemoglobin[] Mild anemia can make you feel tired. Mild anemia caused by alpha thalassemia trait might be mistaken for iron-deficiency anemia.[] He presented with chest discomfort and progressive dyspnea. Early echocardiogram showed mild pericardial effusion.[]

  • Anemia

    Hemoglobin electrophoresis : This identifies any abnormal types of hemoglobin and helps diagnose sickle cell disease, thalassemia, and other inherited forms of anemia.[] There are many types and causes of anemia. Mild anemia is a common and treatable condition that can occur in anyone.[] Acute anemia presents with symptoms owing to acute blood loss; chronic anemia may present with worsening fatigue, dyspnea, lightheadedness, or chest pain.[]

  • Sickle Cell Disease

    A blood test called hemoglobin electrophoresis confirms the diagnosis, by identifying the abnormal form of hemoglobin that is produced in people with the disease.[] Partial exchange transfusion should be reserved for children with only mild anemia (Hb 9 g/dL) but deteriorating respiratory status.[] He presented with progressive severe dyspnea on exertion and lower extremity edema.[]

  • Hemoglobin C Disease

    Laboratory studies The following laboratory studies should be done when Hemoglobin C disease is suspected: Hemoglobin electrophoresis: To further evaluate the abnormality,[] Fatigue, dyspnea on effort, attacks of mild jaundice (this patient has laboratory features of hemolysis), and arthralgias are seen.[] In electrophoresis, an electrical current is used to separate the different types of hemoglobin and thus detect abnormal hemoglobin.[]

  • Cooley's Anemia

    An additional test called a hemoglobin electrophoresis helps to further identify the abnormal hemoglobin that is typical of this type of thalassemia.[] People with Cooley's anemia make less hemoglobin and fewer circulating red blood cells than normal, which results in mild or severe anemia.[] Blood tests Peripheral blood smear shows small, abnormally-shaped red blood cells Complete blood count shows anemia Haemoglobin electrophoresis shows abnormal hemoglobin Prognosis[]

  • Hemoglobinopathy

    Cooley's anemia Thalassemia minor heterozygous) Clinical presentation varies, is related to hypoxia, and characteristically includes the following: claudication tachycardia dyspnea[] It is estimated that approximately 2 percent of African-Americans possess one gene for C hemoglobin. This is usually demonstrated on hemoglobin electrophoresis.[] A 52-year-old African-American man had a mild anemia (hemoglobin of 103 g/L) and target cells on the peripheral blood smear as shown.[]

  • Hemoglobin SC Disease

    However, in such cases, acid electrophoresis demonstrates no abnormal hemoglobin in the HbC position.[] Too much hemoglobin C can reduce the number and size of red blood cells in your body, causing mild anemia.[] A 41-year-old African male with previously unknown hemoglobinopathy developed an acute episode of fever, chest pain and dyspnea right after surgery for retinal detachment.[]

  • Congenital Methemoglobinemia

    Abnormal hemoglobin, such as hemoglobin M, is traditionally discovered by electrophoresis, so the newborn screen, which is mandatory in several states, is a useful tool for[] Her past medical history is significant only for mild anemia attributed to menorrhagia, for which she takes an iron supplement.[] Clinically there is dyspnea and sometimes coffee colored mucosae. congenital methemoglobinemia an inherited condition suspected in horses.[]

  • Hemoglobin Chesapeake

    In our patient, hemoglobin electrophoresis reveals an abnormal hemoglobin variant.[] & forms intracellular crystals · Cells become rigid & are trapped & destroyed in the spleen · Erythrocyte lifespan reduced to 30-55 days · Patients are asymptomatic with mild[] The increased work demands imposed by a high VD/VT contribute significantly to dyspnea and often to respiratory failure in clinical lung disease.[]

  • Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

    Direct antiglobulin test, G6PD enzyme activity, and hemoglobin electrophoresis should all be normal.[] Patients presenting with hemolytic anemia, either severe or mild hemolytic anemia, should be screened for PKD in the first year of life.[] SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Fatigue Lethargy Jaundice  Pallor (Paleness of skin)  Dyspnea (Shortness of breath) Tachycardia (Rapid heart rate ). (Grace et al., 2015). 7.[]

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