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164 Possible Causes for Dyspnea, Hypotension, Increased Jugular Venous Pressure

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Jugular enlargement – This vein engorges with the increasing jugular venous pressure.[] These patients often develop frequent ascites and present with clinical signs and symptoms similar to cardiac tamponade (tachycardia, hypotension and dyspnea).[] After induction of general anesthesia for scrotal exploration and possible orchiopexy, the patient developed severe and persistent hypotension.[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    In fact, drainage of fluid lowered the blood pressure in these patients. 3. Increased jugular venous pressure- which decreases during inspiration. 4.[] […] physicians must maintain vigilance in suspecting pericardial effusion and tamponade in patients with known or suspected malignancy who present with tachycardia, dyspnea, and hypotension[] However, she began to experience dyspnea on exertion leading to admission.[]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    The patient suffered dyspnea after undergoing the injection laryngoplasty.[] Ultimately, insufficient cardiac output from the RV causes left ventricular under-filling which results in systemic hypotension and cardiovascular collapse.[] A 53-year-old man was admitted to the cardiology clinic with complaints of dyspnea, chest pain, and general weakness after walking.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Jugular venous pressure is frequently assessed as a marker of fluid status, which can be accentuated by eliciting hepatojugular reflux .[] Features due to left heart failure: Dyspnea, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea: These symptoms develop due to congestion of the lungs.[] After cardioversion, refractory hypotension and cardiopulmonary arrest occurred. An arterial blood gas analysis showed marked lactic acidosis.[]

  • Tension Pneumothorax

    jugular venous pressure (JVP) Physical exam findings on ipsilateral lung: hyper-resonance, absent breath sounds, decreased vocal fremitus, and diminished chest wall expansion[] On arrival to our hospital, she complained about severe dyspnea and she had subcutaneous emphysema.[] He was clinically stable without hypoxia or hypotension, and the initial chest x-ray study showed a large pneumothorax without mediastinal shift.[]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    Distended jugular veins due to increased jugular venous pressure. Oliguria (low urine output) due to inadequate blood flow to the kidneys if the condition persists.[] A 69-year-old woman presented to the emergency department (ED) with complaint of chest pain and dyspnea.[] Persistent ischemia in the noninfarct territory may contribute to ongoing hypotension.[]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    A previously asymptomatic 53-year-old male presented 5 days after an acute anterior wall myocardial infarction, who was fibrinolytic naïve, with worsening dyspnea.[] On the second hospital day, hypotension and a new cardiac murmur was found. The emergency echocardiographic study disclosed a ventricular septal defect.[] After 48h following the accident, the patient's condition rapidly deteriorated, with severe dyspnea at rest, tachycardia, and increasing chest pain.[]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    jugular venous pressure) are often obscured by hyperinflation of the chest 6 which is present in a number of COPD patients.[] We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who died after 3 days of progressive dyspnea, cough, and pulmonary hypertension.[] The patient experienced immediate relief of her cor pulmonale and successful recovery from hypotension.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Inotropic drugs should only be started when there is hypotension and evidence of reduced organ perfusion. In these cases, dobutamine is usually first-line treatment.[] […] anxiety Productive cough (could be blood tinged) Palpitations and chest pain Exercise induced dyspnea Orthostatic dyspnea (dyspnea while lying down) Increased weight Bipedal[] Hypotension - the triad of hypotension (systolic blood pressure cardiogenic shock .[]

  • Shock

    […] veins due to increased jugular venous pressure Weak or absent pulse Abnormal heart rhythms , often a fast heart rate Pulsus paradoxus in case of tamponade Reduced blood pressure[] But after the delivery of the placenta, the patient developed an episode of coughing and dyspnea followed by unconsciousness and bradycardia.[] We describe a previously healthy adolescent boy who presented with respiratory distress, hypotensive shock, and a diffuse erythematous rash.[]

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