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14 Possible Causes for Dyspnea, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Non Specific ST-T Changes

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[symptoma.com] However, after 10 infusions the patient developed dyspnea, edema of the legs, ascites and a weight gain of 10 kg because of a decompensated heart insufficiency with a reduced[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report the case of a 76-year-old man with a dual chamber pacemaker, admitted for acute chest pain and dyspnea and final diagnosis of TC.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com] However, she began to experience dyspnea on exertion leading to admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Emergency physicians must maintain vigilance in suspecting pericardial effusion and tamponade in patients with known or suspected malignancy who present with tachycardia, dyspnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    Six patients had exertional dyspnea and 13 had dyspnea at rest; three needed emergency pericardiocentesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The only common clinical feature shared by the patients was dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sixteen months later, she was diagnosed with pericardial tumor involvement and a malignant pericardial effusion resulting in severe dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Electrocardiogram revealed sinus tachycardia and non-specific ST-T changes in the lateral leads.[doi.org] We describe a case of a 35-year-old man presented at the emergency room of our institution with acute onset of dyspnea and dizziness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of 14-year-old girl who presented with dyspnea, bipedal edema, loss of weight, and easy fatigability for three months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    […] analyzed 262 peripartum patients with dyspnea, and summed up the final diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea are present, even in patients with preeclampsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 22-year old woman visited the LAMB Hospital, Parbatipur, Dinajpur, Bangladesh, in February 2010, with exertional dyspnea for three weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] ST-T changes in association with pericardial effusion Renal failure associated with severe kidney infection Autoimmune disease Medication When You Suffer Pericarditis During[pericarditispain.info] Case-report: A healthy 3 month-old patient admitted with dyspnea, pallor and anorexia, developing cardiogenic shock due to cardiac tamponade.[researchers.unab.cl]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    The primary end point was change in angina as assessed by the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), or in dyspnea as assessed by the Rose Dyspnea Scale (RDS).[dovepress.com] Pulmonary congestion reduces when the patient is in erect position, it results in improvement in symptoms. [1],[2],[5] Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea[explainmedicine.com] Symptoms of heart failure are: dyspnea following activity or after lying down; abrupt awakening from sleep due to dyspnea; cough; anorexia; edema of ankles and feet (adults[symptoma.com]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    A majority will experience dyspnea on exertion. As ACM progresses, patients can develop orthopnea.[symptoma.com] These symptoms can include the following: Ankle, feet, and leg swelling (edema) Overall swelling Loss of appetite Shortness of breath (dyspnea), especially with activity Breathing[en.wikipedia.org] This disease is usually manifested by dyspnea and palpitations with cardiomegaly and congestive heart failure (heart failure) ICD-9-CM Volume 2 Index entries containing back-references[icd9data.com]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    EKG 1,4 low voltage QRS, tachycardia, electrical alternans, PR depression, non-specific ST-T wave changes CXR 1,4 increased cardiac silhouette as compared to previous (most[emdocs.net] Thus, edema and dyspnea are more prominent features of cardiac tamponade when there is a slow rise in pericardial pressure.[doi.org] Cardiac tamponade shares symptoms and signs such as dyspnea, edema, and low urine output with other, more-common diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    , angina, syncope, sudden death Systolic murmur mitral regurgitation murmur, S4 Bifid carotid pulse with a brisk upstroke and rapid downstroke Exertional dyspnea and fatigue[msdmanuals.com] In young children, for example, heart failure may be manifest as fatigue and shortness of breath (dyspnea) upon exertion.[rarediseases.org] […] dysfunction outflow obstruction Diastolic dysfunction Clinical findings LV and RV failure, sudden death, Cardiomegaly Functional AV valve regurgitation S3 and/or S4 Exertional dyspnea[msdmanuals.com]

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