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182 Possible Causes for Dyspnea, Increased Jugular Venous Pressure

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    As right ventricular hypertrophy ensues, a right ventricular heave may be palpated at the lower left sternal border and increased right atrial pressure may cause elevation[emedicine.medscape.com] Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with low exercise tolerance, dyspnea, and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All patients with dyspnea and suspected interstitial lung disease referred to the University of Michigan for enrollment in the Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Specialized Center[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Jugular enlargement – This vein engorges with the increasing jugular venous pressure.[symptoma.com] These patients often develop frequent ascites and present with clinical signs and symptoms similar to cardiac tamponade (tachycardia, hypotension and dyspnea).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis in a 50-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with chest pain, dyspnea at rest, fever, and periorbital swelling[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Physical findings are increased jugular venous pressure, tachycardia usually with a third heart sound, bilateral bibasilar crackles and a wide pulse pressure.[omicsonline.org] After the procedure, dyspnea was improved and procedure related complication was not seen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients may present with the usual signs of high-output heart failure including tachycardia, elevated pulse pressure, hyperkinetic precordium, and jugular venous distension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    jugular venous pressure) are often obscured by hyperinflation of the chest 6 which is present in a number of COPD patients.[heart.bmj.com] We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who died after 3 days of progressive dyspnea, cough, and pulmonary hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Jugular venous pressures are always increased. Cardiac palpation may reveal a right ventricular heave.[javed-abbas.tripod.com]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    In fact, drainage of fluid lowered the blood pressure in these patients. 3. Increased jugular venous pressure- which decreases during inspiration. 4.[iame.com] However, she began to experience dyspnea on exertion leading to admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Emergency physicians must maintain vigilance in suspecting pericardial effusion and tamponade in patients with known or suspected malignancy who present with tachycardia, dyspnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

    Zoom Symptoms The clinical signs are related to the increase in venous pressure upstream from the SVC obstacle and the development of venous shunts ( Figure 13 ).[em-consulte.com] We present a 5-year-old male with superior vena cava syndrome associated with acute onset of severe upper extremity and facial swelling, dyspnea, and a right subclavian central[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, her symptoms of coughing and dyspnea were relieved. The Brescia-Cimino fistula in her left forearm functioned well.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Jugular venous pressure is frequently assessed as a marker of fluid status, which can be accentuated by eliciting hepatojugular reflux .[en.wikipedia.org] Features due to left heart failure: Dyspnea, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea: These symptoms develop due to congestion of the lungs.[symptoma.com] We present a case of a 70 year-old male presented with exertional dyspnea for 2 months and found to have giant LV pseudo aneurysm on transthoracic echocardiogram, cardiac[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    Distended jugular veins due to increased jugular venous pressure. Oliguria (low urine output) due to inadequate blood flow to the kidneys if the condition persists.[en.wikipedia.org] A 69-year-old woman presented to the emergency department (ED) with complaint of chest pain and dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 77-year-old man presented with exercise intolerance and progressive exertional dyspnea and chest pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    […] anxiety Productive cough (could be blood tinged) Palpitations and chest pain Exercise induced dyspnea Orthostatic dyspnea (dyspnea while lying down) Increased weight Bipedal[symptoma.com] […] or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea are present, even in patients with preeclampsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To suppress dyspnea, systolic blood pressure had to be lowered from 150-160 to 100-120 mm Hg.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    The patient suffered dyspnea after undergoing the injection laryngoplasty.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 53-year-old man was admitted to the cardiology clinic with complaints of dyspnea, chest pain, and general weakness after walking.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of PVOD, who was misdiagnosed as IPAH for 5 years with worsening dyspnea and two episodes of pulmonary embolism (PE).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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