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62 Possible Causes for Dyspnea, Lower and Upper Limbs Affected, Myoclonic Jerking

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    A previous evaluation attributed his dyspnea to neuromuscular weakness and he underwent a pulmonary evaluation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Approximately 2/3 of patients with ALS show the spinal form of the disease (limb injuries) characterised by weakness and muscular loss in lower and upper limbs.[icm-institute.org] We report a 65-year-old man who presented with a progressive exertional dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Enterovirus Infection

    Among these patients, 140 (21.1%) had EV71 isolated, and 150 (22.6%) had myoclonic jerk.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] lower limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] jerks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

    Patients with obstructive lung disease may benefit from the use of a long-acting β agonist before bedtime, to minimize disruptive nocturnal dyspnea.[doi.org] Complying with an irresistible urge to move the affected limbs brings temporary relief. Sleep may become disrupted, resulting in excessive daytime hypersomnolence.[icd9data.com] A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.[icd10data.com]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    By the jerk-locked averaging method, a positive spike time-locked to the myoclonic jerk was demonstrated in four patients before 15-20 msec of myoclonic jerk.[ci.nii.ac.jp] K, Oga T, Chihara Y, Harada Y, Tanizawa K, Handa T, Hitomi T, Uno K, Mishima M, Chin K Sleep & breathing Schlaf & Atmung 17(2) 597-604 May 2013 [Refereed] Measurement of dyspnea[researchmap.jp] Attacks may last several minutes to half an hour and more frequently affect the lower than upper limbs.[epilepsydiagnosis.org]

  • Acute Cerebellar Ataxia

    Four weeks later he developed myoclonic jerks. Electroencephalogram showed characteristic periodic complexes time-locked with myoclonus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 76-year-old HTLV-I-positive male with acute cerebellar ataxia was suffering from dyspnea on exertion. Chest CT suggested interstitial pneumonitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lower limbs were affected more than the upper limbs and the mean delay between the onset and fever and onset of cerebellar ataxia was 13 days.[atmph.org]

  • Medial Sclerosis

    Myoclonic seizure This type of seizure causes quick movements or sudden jerking of a group of muscles. These seizures tend to occur in clusters.[hopkinsmedicine.org] […] year-old Brazilian woman was referred to the hospital with a 20-year history of an increasing size of the anterior portion of the neck associated with progressive exertional dyspnea[bmccardiovascdisord.biomedcentral.com] Imaging Affected medium-sized arteries in the upper and lower limbs have linear low power H&E stained cross section of artery with medial calcific sclerosis calcifications[newmedicalterms.com]

  • Cardiac Dyskinesia

    Abnormal movements can include myoclonic jerks, tics, chorea, and dystonia.[aafp.org] Abstract Four patients had acute dyspnea and chest pain due to primary neurologic disease, not to cardiac or pulmonary disorders.[annals.org] Attacks may last several minutes to half an hour and more frequently affect the lower than upper limbs.[epilepsydiagnosis.org]

  • Sudden Cardiac Death

    The following points need to be considered: Prompt recognition and diagnosis (brief seizure-like activity or involuntary myoclonic jerks have been reported in approximately[cry.ie] KEYWORDS: ALCAPA; Sudden cardiac death; chest pain; congenital anomaly; dyspnea; exercise intolerance; syncope[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical features include tall stature, long and thin limbs (dolichostenomelia), an arm span substantially greater than height, diminished upper body–to–lower body ratio,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autosomal Dominant Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 1G

    The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise.[binfo.ncku.edu.tw] Raymond et al (2008) noted that M-D due to SGCE mutations is characterized by early onset myoclonic jerks, often associated with dystonia.[aetna.com] […] the upper limbs in most patients.[genecards.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Type 6

    The jerks are sometimes referred to as ‘myoclonic jerks’.[mitochondrialdisease.nhs.uk] 6, is also known as progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial dna deletions, autosomal dominant, 6 , and has symptoms including muscle cramp , myalgia and dyspnea[malacards.org] Upper and lower limbs are affected, and some individuals develop distal muscle weakness and atrophy.[mendelian.co]

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