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62 Possible Causes for Dyspnea, Lower and Upper Limbs Affected, Myoclonic Jerking

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    A previous evaluation attributed his dyspnea to neuromuscular weakness and he underwent a pulmonary evaluation.[] Approximately 2/3 of patients with ALS show the spinal form of the disease (limb injuries) characterised by weakness and muscular loss in lower and upper limbs.[] We report a 65-year-old man who presented with a progressive exertional dyspnea.[]

  • Enterovirus Infection

    Among these patients, 140 (21.1%) had EV71 isolated, and 150 (22.6%) had myoclonic jerk.[] lower limbs.[] jerks.[]

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

    Patients with obstructive lung disease may benefit from the use of a long-acting β agonist before bedtime, to minimize disruptive nocturnal dyspnea.[] Complying with an irresistible urge to move the affected limbs brings temporary relief. Sleep may become disrupted, resulting in excessive daytime hypersomnolence.[] A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.[]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    By the jerk-locked averaging method, a positive spike time-locked to the myoclonic jerk was demonstrated in four patients before 15-20 msec of myoclonic jerk.[] K, Oga T, Chihara Y, Harada Y, Tanizawa K, Handa T, Hitomi T, Uno K, Mishima M, Chin K Sleep & breathing Schlaf & Atmung 17(2) 597-604 May 2013 [Refereed] Measurement of dyspnea[] Attacks may last several minutes to half an hour and more frequently affect the lower than upper limbs.[]

  • Acute Cerebellar Ataxia

    Four weeks later he developed myoclonic jerks. Electroencephalogram showed characteristic periodic complexes time-locked with myoclonus.[] A 76-year-old HTLV-I-positive male with acute cerebellar ataxia was suffering from dyspnea on exertion. Chest CT suggested interstitial pneumonitis.[] Lower limbs were affected more than the upper limbs and the mean delay between the onset and fever and onset of cerebellar ataxia was 13 days.[]

  • Medial Sclerosis

    Myoclonic seizure This type of seizure causes quick movements or sudden jerking of a group of muscles. These seizures tend to occur in clusters.[] […] year-old Brazilian woman was referred to the hospital with a 20-year history of an increasing size of the anterior portion of the neck associated with progressive exertional dyspnea[] Imaging Affected medium-sized arteries in the upper and lower limbs have linear low power H&E stained cross section of artery with medial calcific sclerosis calcifications[]

  • Cardiac Dyskinesia

    Abnormal movements can include myoclonic jerks, tics, chorea, and dystonia.[] Abstract Four patients had acute dyspnea and chest pain due to primary neurologic disease, not to cardiac or pulmonary disorders.[] Attacks may last several minutes to half an hour and more frequently affect the lower than upper limbs.[]

  • Sudden Cardiac Death

    The following points need to be considered: Prompt recognition and diagnosis (brief seizure-like activity or involuntary myoclonic jerks have been reported in approximately[] KEYWORDS: ALCAPA; Sudden cardiac death; chest pain; congenital anomaly; dyspnea; exercise intolerance; syncope[] Clinical features include tall stature, long and thin limbs (dolichostenomelia), an arm span substantially greater than height, diminished upper body–to–lower body ratio,[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 1G

    The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise.[] Raymond et al (2008) noted that M-D due to SGCE mutations is characterized by early onset myoclonic jerks, often associated with dystonia.[] […] the upper limbs in most patients.[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Type 6

    The jerks are sometimes referred to as ‘myoclonic jerks’.[] 6, is also known as progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial dna deletions, autosomal dominant, 6 , and has symptoms including muscle cramp , myalgia and dyspnea[] Upper and lower limbs are affected, and some individuals develop distal muscle weakness and atrophy.[]

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