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407 Possible Causes for Dyspnea, Muscle Mass Decreased

  • Acute Bronchitis

    However, patients who complain of dyspnea should have pulse oximetry to rule out hypoxemia.[] Smoking cessation does not change smooth muscle mass and fibrosis in the peripheral airways; however, it improves peripheral airway collapse in the single-breath nitrogen-washout[] Differential Diagnosis of Acute Bronchitis The acute bronchitis must be differentiated from other diseases that may cause cough, dyspnea and wheezing. [1] Disease Findings[]

  • Obesity

    It is likely that obesity modifies the clinical picture of COPD because of its effects on the perception of dyspnea and exercise tolerance.[] In elderly patients, obesity induces a decrease in skeletal muscle strength and mass, which is linked to age-related sarcopenia.[] mass, decreasing in starvation and increasing during resistive activity when sufficient protein was ingested.[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    MEASUREMENT OF DYSPNEA IN COPD Section: The two purposes of measuring dyspnea are: to differentiate between patients who have less dyspnea and those who have more dyspnea[] Symptoms include the following: Productive cough or acute chest illness Breathlessness Wheezing Systemic manifestations (decreased fat-free mass, impaired systemic muscle[] It can lead to a reduction in diaphragmatic mass with a decrease in strength and endurance of the respiratory muscles ( Arora 1982 ; Fiaccadori 1992 ).[]

  • Heart Failure

    We introduced oxycodone for medically refractory dyspnea instead of morphine because of the patient's renal insufficiency.[] After age 50, the muscle mass declines by 1–2% annually 1 and the muscle strength decreases by 1.5%. 2 This age-related muscle loss, termed sarcopenia, 3 , 4 affects 10% of[] Compared with control group, there was no effect on dyspnea improvement.[]

  • Morbid Obesity

    We present a 17 year-old woman, with a previous genetic diagnosis of Prader-Willi syndrome and BMI of 74 Kg/m(2), that was admitted in anasarca, with marked cyanosis, dyspnea[] In addition, the amount of muscle in your body tends to decrease with age. This lower muscle mass leads to a decrease in metabolism.[] Early in pregnancy, the alveolar ventilation is increased and pregnant women have a sense of dyspnea.[]

  • Hyponatremia

    ) or enters pleural space by transudation (pleural effusion which also causes dyspnea), which is the best indicator of estimating central venous pressure is increased.[] muscle mass, which is associated with impairment of the renal diluting capacity. [38] In fact, decreased body mass is an independent risk factor for the development of thiazide–associated[] Box 2: Applying the results of this review in clinical practice A 60-year-old man presents with increasing dyspnea on exertion.[]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    AHCM can occur with varied presentations such as chest pain, palpitations, dyspnea, syncope, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, embolic events, ventricular fibrillation[] ) by virtue of the increase in muscle mass, decrease in ventricular volume, and increase in muscle stiffness caused by myocardial fibrosis.[] Patients present at all ages with chest pain, dyspnea, palpitations, and syncope.[]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    After the procedure, dyspnea was improved and procedure related complication was not seen.[] This is also called myocardial hypertrophy, where your heart gains muscle mass. And when it gains muscle it contracts harder because it's stronger.[] A 36-year-old male presented with progressive exertional dyspnea over months.[]

  • Hypoxia

    The patient described his dyspnea as exertional progressing over 1 week to rest dyspnea. He was prescribed antiretroviral therapy but was noncompliant.[] In case of pathophysiological hypertrophy the cardiac angiogenesis does not keep up with the increased muscle mass resulting in decreased blood supply.[] An 82-year-old woman with a history of nonischemic cardiomyopathy with reduced ejection fraction was admitted with dyspnea and hypoxemia.[]

  • Aspiration Pneumonia

    However, 57 % agreed that dyspnea, fever, deterioration of general functioning, tachypnea and crepitation with auscultation are the most important characteristics and the[] From the back of the tongue the mass is propelled by the tongue to the muscles of the pharynx.[] Symptoms and Signs Symptoms and signs include Cough Fever Dyspnea Chest discomfort Chemical pneumonitis caused by gastric contents causes acute dyspnea with cough that is[]

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