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149 Possible Causes for Dyspnea, Thickening of the Mitral Valve Leaflets

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    She presented with a 4-year history of gradually worsening dyspnea and decreasing exercise tolerance.[] Two groups of patients were compared: those with thickening of the mitral-valve leaflets and redundancy (designated the classic form; n 319) and those without leaflet thickening[] A 33-year-old man was investigated for dyspnea on exertion and the presence of a pansystolic murmur.[]

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    As the stenosis worsens, symptoms of orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea or dyspnea on exertion develops.[] A 42-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of palpitations and progressive dyspnea on exertion.[] Rheumatic mitral stenosis Rheumatic mitral valve stenosis Clinical Information Narrowing of the left atrioventricular mitral orifice Rheumatic disease causing diffuse thickening[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    The patient also suffered from dyspnea, NYHA II-III.[] Supplemental oxygen and/or a tracheostomy is sometimes necessary for patients with chronic dyspnea.[] Lungs Apex Respiratory movements Dyspnea Breath sound Grunting Chest pain Cough/ sputum Wheeze Normal breathe sound heard, located on 2nd intercostals space Normal Absent[]

  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    The patients were referred to our cardiovascular department because of exertional dyspnea.[] Abstract Mitral valve insufficiency in rheumatic heart disease is often due to retracted posterior chordae and posterior leaflet thickening.[] Patients may be asymptomatic or may have manifestations like fatigue caused by reduced cardiac output, tachypnea or dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and hemoptysis[]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    A 57-year-old man with a history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy diagnosed by echocardiography experienced atypical chest pain and dyspnea for 6 months.[] […] of an anomalous papillary muscle [arrow] onto the ventricular surface of the anterior mitral leaflet).[] AHCM can occur with varied presentations such as chest pain, palpitations, dyspnea, syncope, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, embolic events, ventricular fibrillation[]

  • Infective Endocarditis

    He was well, apart from episodes of dizziness and dyspnea after exercise during the previous 4 months.[] […] history of endocarditis history of illegal drug use mitral valve prolapse and valve regurgitation (leaking) and/or thickened valve leaflets The risk of infective endocarditis[] 6] [16] Clinical features Course of disease Constitutional symptoms Fever and chills ( 90% of cases) , tachycardia General malaise , weakness , night sweats, weight loss Dyspnea[]

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    As the disease progresses, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea start to occur. Angina is predominantly nocturnal in these patients.[] leaflets and in the mitral subvalvular apparatus, causing thickening, retraction, and stiffening of valves and resulting in incomplete leaflet coaptation and valve regurgitation[] […] many years in most patients with chronic aortic valve insufficiency No symptoms for decades in most patients with chronic moderate aortic valve insufficiency Exertional dyspnea[]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    The most common indications for echocardiography were heart failure (47.6%), and dyspnea (42.9%).[] Echocardiography evaluation showed thickened aortic and mitral valve leaflets with mild to moderate degree of mitral regurgitation.[] If you have mitral stenosis, you may develop breathing difficulty (dyspnea); swelling of the ankle and feet (edema); and irregular heartbeats (arrhythmia).[]

  • Acute Bacterial Endocarditis

    Pulmonary embolism presents with chest pain, acute dyspnea and cough.[] Patients most at risk of developing bacterial endocarditis include those who have: Acquired valve disease (for example, rheumatic heart disease) including mitral valve prolapse[] There is no history suggestive of orthopnea or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.[]

  • Fabry Disease

    We present the case of a 60-year-old woman with symptoms of dyspnea, atypical chest pain and palpitations, in whom a transthoracic echocardiogram revealed an apical variant[] […] without significant luminal occlusion. c Section through the mitral valve apparatus demonstrating mild mitral valve leaflet thickening and ballooning of the anterior and[] Other signs include angiokeratoma, corneal changes, tinnitus, chronic fatigue, cardiac and cerebrovascular abnormalities (left ventricular hypertrophy, arrhythmia, angina), dyspnea[]

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