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23 Possible Causes for Dyspnea at Rest, Electrocardiogram Change, Pulsus Alternans

  • Heart Failure

    Acute cerebral injuries, such as cerebral ischemic or hemorrhagic events, have been repeatedly correlated with sudden electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, such as cardiac arrhythmias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include, among others: Dyspnea ( exertional-, dyspnea at rest, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea); Fatigue, inadequate exhaustion after stress, weakness, lethargy[flexikon.doccheck.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    But it was difficult to differentiate those two diseases because the TC-like findings; such as the electrocardiogram (ECG) changes and left ventricular wall motion abnormality[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 48h following the accident, the patient's condition rapidly deteriorated, with severe dyspnea at rest, tachycardia, and increasing chest pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrocardiography and cardiac troponin (cTn) now form the diagnostic cornerstones of clinical assessment. 1,2 Often, an electrocardiogram (ECG) alone is insufficient to[radcliffecardiology.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    A case was diagnosed as AMI if two out of the three criteria (clinical symptoms, electrocardiogram changes and raised enzyme levels) were positive.[oadoi.org] , electrocardiogram changes indicative of ischemia (ST segment elevation or depression), or coronary artery intervention (e.g., coronary angioplasty); or (2) pathologic findings[doi.org] […] typical increase and gradual decrease of biochemical markers of myocardial necrosis and at least 1 of the following: ischemic symptoms, development of pathologic Q waves on electrocardiogram[doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    The electrocardiogram pattern significantly changed with time, and the echocardiogram showed weakness of wall motion around the left ventricular apex.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There are five useful clinical signs to establish the presence and severity of cardiomyopathy: general appearance (cachexia and dyspnea at rest indicate severe impairment)[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Changes on your heart tracing (electrocardiogram, or ECG) - this is a tracing of the electrical activity of the heart. Changes on your chest X-ray.[patient.info]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    It may reveal obvious fluid, or there may be subtle changes that give direction to the diagnosis.[emedicinehealth.com] High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a form of high altitude illness characterized by cough, dyspnea upon exertion progressing to dyspnea at rest and eventual death, seen[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Entry required HF symptoms at rest or minimal exertion and signs of congestion ( 2 of the following: dyspnea, jugular venous distention, or peripheral edema) at time of randomization[jama.jamanetwork.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    At presentation she had dyspnea at rest, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.[doi.org] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Changes on your heart tracing (electrocardiogram, or ECG) - this is a tracing of the electrical activity of the heart. Changes on your chest X-ray .[patient.info]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Treatment might involve medicines, surgery, other medical procedures, and lifestyle changes.[icdlist.com] There are five useful clinical signs to establish the presence and severity of cardiomyopathy: general appearance (cachexia and dyspnea at rest indicate severe impairment)[clevelandclinicmeded.com] They usually get progressively worse, if not treated Shortness of breath is initially related to physical activity and at later stages, may be present even at rest Difficulty[dovemed.com]

  • Secondary Cardiomyopathy

    Case presentation A 38-year-old Hispanic male presented with progressive dyspnea at rest since the morning, which became worse with exertion and lying flat.[bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com] We present a challenging case of a young man presenting with ischemic-looking electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, fever, hypotension, and global left ventricular hypokinesis.[radcliffecardiology.com] There are five useful clinical signs to establish the presence and severity of cardiomyopathy: general appearance (cachexia and dyspnea at rest indicate severe impairment)[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    (ECG) [2] ECG changes are often nonspecific.[explainmedicine.com] Case 1: A 48-years-old, previously healthy male patient admitted to our clinic with complaints of acute onset of rest dyspnea and orthopnea, started the day before.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case Presentation: A 38-year-old female was presenting with chest pain and an increased level of troponins with the EKG (electrocardiogram) showing non-specific T-wave changes[jmmcr.microbiologyresearch.org]

  • Acute Pericarditis

    changes, new/worsening pericardial effusion).[2minutemedicine.com] […] voltage with electrical alternans and an enlarged cardiac silhouette on chest X-ray.[en.my-ekg.com] The serial electrocardiograms revealed ST segment and T wave changes without elevation of the cardiac isoenzyme, which is suggested to represent acute pericarditis following[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]