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17 Possible Causes for Dyspnea at Rest, Increased Sweating, Pulsus Alternans

  • Heart Failure

    These include, among others: Dyspnea ( exertional-, dyspnea at rest, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea); Fatigue, inadequate exhaustion after stress, weakness, lethargy[flexikon.doccheck.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] Pulsus alternans is usually associated with an S 3 gallop, signifies advanced myocardial disease, and often disappears with treatment of heart failure.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Initially dyspnea occurs only at exertion. Later on orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea also develop. Later on dyspnea occurs even at rest.[symptoma.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] When congestive heart failure worsens, fluid backs up into the lungs and interferes with oxygen getting into the blood, causing dyspnea at rest and at night (orthopnea).[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    After 48h following the accident, the patient's condition rapidly deteriorated, with severe dyspnea at rest, tachycardia, and increasing chest pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sympathetic activation is responsible for the diaphoresis (sweating) experienced by the patient.[cvpharmacology.com] While sympathetic activation helps to maintain arterial pressure, it also leads to a large increase in myocardial oxygen demand that can lead to greater myocardial hypoxia[cvpharmacology.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Sympathetic activation is responsible for the diaphoresis (sweating) experienced by the patient.[cvpharmacology.com] […] in intensity Chest pain that is not relieved by rest or by taking nitroglycerin Chest pain that occurs with any/all of the following (additional) symptoms: Sweating, cool[lakelandhealth.org] The same factor contributes to the increasing or the occurrence of pain.[bookinghealth.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    There are five useful clinical signs to establish the presence and severity of cardiomyopathy: general appearance (cachexia and dyspnea at rest indicate severe impairment)[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] mitral valve cusp towards the septum LVOT pressure gradient via doppler echocardiography Provocation tests (see below) are obligatory if no obstruction is discernible at rest[amboss.com] Exercise testing Used for risk assessment and evaluation of LVOT Treadmill or bicycle exercise test Clinical observation for development of symptoms (e.g., dyspnea , palpitations[amboss.com]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    (i) Symptoms of congestion or of limited cardiac output include easy fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath (dyspnea), cough, or chest discomfort at rest or with activity.[ssa.gov] Fatigue or exercise intolerance in an infant may be manifested by prolonged feeding time, often associated with excessive respiratory effort and sweating.[ssa.gov] Children with CHF may also experience shortness of breath on lying flat (orthopnea) or episodes of shortness of breath that wake them from sleep (paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea[ssa.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a form of high altitude illness characterized by cough, dyspnea upon exertion progressing to dyspnea at rest and eventual death, seen[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] You hear new or increased wheezing when you breathe. You have questions or concerns about your condition or care. When should I seek immediate care or call 911?[drugs.com] Class IV is defined by symptoms at rest or with any physical activity.[radcliffecardiology.com]

  • Acute Pericarditis

    Side effects of corticosteroids include: weight gain mood swings increased sweating Other treatments and measures Treatment for pericarditis is different if it is not caused[your.md] […] voltage with electrical alternans and an enlarged cardiac silhouette on chest X-ray.[en.my-ekg.com] The signs and symptoms of Pericarditis include, but are not limited to, the following: Low-grade fever, chills, sweating Chest pain; pain in chest increases on coughing or[dovemed.com]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Case 1: A 48-years-old, previously healthy male patient admitted to our clinic with complaints of acute onset of rest dyspnea and orthopnea, started the day before.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical examination may reveal pericardial friction rub and the echocardiogram may show increased fluid in the pericardial cavity ( pericardial effusion ).[ecgwaves.com] The chest pain in acute pericarditis may be severe and the patient may also experience cold sweats, tachycardia and anxiety; all of which are common in acute myocardial infarction[ecgwaves.com]

  • Fungal Myocarditis

    A history of shortness of breath at rest, orthopnea, ankle edema, or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea is suggestive of congestive heart failure. 3.2 Chest pain Chest pain is usually[intechopen.com] Maybe join a low temperature, the pressure is reduced, signs of circulatory failure, and an increase in heart size.[mybodypain.com] Once heart dysfunction sets in, signs of cardiac failure may manifest, such as pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs), peripheral oedema, hypoxemia, pulsus alternans[medindia.net]