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816 Possible Causes for Dyspnea at Rest, Prominent Sulci

  • Hypoxia

    Grossly, the lesion was marked by preserved gyral crests and involved sulci, resulting in prominent, mushroom-shaped gyri.[emedicine.medscape.com] The patient described his dyspnea as exertional progressing over 1 week to rest dyspnea. He was prescribed antiretroviral therapy but was noncompliant.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] High‐Altitude Pulmonary Edema HAPE symptoms are dyspnea at rest and especially when attempting to exercise, bothersome cough, weakness, and chest tightness.[doi.org]

  • Pneumothorax

    , darkened lung field and prominent heart border.[oxfordmedicaleducation.com] A small spontaneous pneumothorax may require no specific treatment beyond rest and administration of oxygen for relief of dyspnea. Chest x-rays should be obtained.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The onset of symptoms for a spontaneous pneumothorax normally occurs at rest. A sudden attack of chest pain is often the first symptom.[healthline.com]

  • Panic Attacks

    The author gives an account of the analysis of a young woman suffering from severe panic attacks. He describes the initial problems of the setting and how they are progressively overcome, the emergence of highly structured psychotic nuclei and the gradual approach to the patient's splits. Whereas the panic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Interventricular Septum Aneurysm

    Available from: A 16-year-old black boy presented with complaints of shortness of breath, dyspnea at rest during the last month.[heartviews.org] Full Text A 24-year-old black man presented to the emergency department of our hospital with fatigue and dyspnea at rest of two weeks duration.[revportcardiol.org]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Asthma

    Noninvasive ventilation mainly works by improving alveolar ventilation, resting fatigued ventilatory muscles, relieving dyspnea, and improving gas exchange, while it avoids[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Table 2 Clinical and functional assessment of severe asthma exacerbations Variable Severe exacerbation Imminent respiratory arrest Symptoms Dyspnea At rest Speech Single words[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Obesity

    BMC Res Notes. 2018 Sep 25;11(1):680. doi: 10.1186/s13104-018-3787-6. Author information 1 Patanjali Research Foundation, Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, 249405, India. shirleytelles@gmail.com. 2 Patanjali Research Foundation, Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, 249405, India. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Central[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be suspected in patients with risk factors (primarily a history of smoking) who report dyspnea at rest[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Long-acting bronchodilators have recently been shown to reduce hyperinflation during both rest and exercise in moderate to severe COPD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The corollary of this is that any intervention that reduces end-expiratory lung volume will improve effort–displacement ratios and alleviate dyspnea.[oadoi.org]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Heart Failure

    These include, among others: Dyspnea ( exertional-, dyspnea at rest, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea); Fatigue, inadequate exhaustion after stress, weakness, lethargy[flexikon.doccheck.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Psychogenic Hyperventilation

    Normal tidal volumes range from 35-45% of vital capacity at rest.[unp.me] The elastic recoil of the chest wall resists hyperinflation of the lungs beyond that level, and inspiratory volumes beyond this level are perceived as effort or dyspnea.[unp.me]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Initially dyspnea occurs only at exertion. Later on orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea also develop. Later on dyspnea occurs even at rest.[symptoma.com] When congestive heart failure worsens, fluid backs up into the lungs and interferes with oxygen getting into the blood, causing dyspnea at rest and at night (orthopnea).[emedicinehealth.com] The person will have dyspnea (shortness of breath) on exertion and in severe cases, dyspnea at rest. Increasing breathlessness on lying flat, called orthopnea, occurs.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci

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