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42 Possible Causes for Dyspnea at Rest, Pulsus Alternans, Syncope

  • Heart Failure

    Light-headedness or syncope. Anorexia.[patient.info] These include, among others: Dyspnea ( exertional-, dyspnea at rest, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea); Fatigue, inadequate exhaustion after stress, weakness, lethargy[flexikon.doccheck.com] […] or near syncope.[ssa.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    […] on the right side of the heart, and it may be more easily felt Eyes or feet may be puffy as the right heart fails Chest pain Palpitations (irregular heartbeat) Dizziness Syncope[cincinnatichildrens.org] Initially dyspnea occurs only at exertion. Later on orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea also develop. Later on dyspnea occurs even at rest.[symptoma.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Abstract An individual experiencing dyspnoea or syncope at high altitude is commonly diagnosed to have high-altitude pulmonary edema or cerebral edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 48h following the accident, the patient's condition rapidly deteriorated, with severe dyspnea at rest, tachycardia, and increasing chest pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She presented with chest pain and breathlessness with brief syncope, lab results and electrocardiogram findings were consistent with acute myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    She presented with chest pain and breathlessness with brief syncope, lab results and electrocardiogram findings were consistent with acute myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This is a case series of 3 patients, all women, aged 72, 64, and 54 years who presented to the emergency department with chest pain or syncope and were found to have STEMI[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] usually lasts 20 min, often is diffuse, not localized, not positional, not affected by movement of the region and it may be accompanied by dyspnoea, diaphoresis, nausea or syncope[dx.doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    The following symptomatology may be seen in patients with HCM: Dyspnea Pre-syncope or syncope Chest pain Orthopnea Dizziness Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND) Palpitations[symptoma.com] There are five useful clinical signs to establish the presence and severity of cardiomyopathy: general appearance (cachexia and dyspnea at rest indicate severe impairment)[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Dogs diagnosed this way had more VPCs, polymorphic VPCs, couplets, triplets, VTs and R-on-T-phenomenon and syncope, decreased right ventricular function and dilatation in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lymphocytic Myocarditis

    […] resistant to standard clinically directed antiarrhythmic medication programs or high grade ventricular arrhythmia (Lown class greater than or equal to IV B) with or without syncope[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] on exertion or at rest, or edema that could be dated specifically to a one-to-two-day period), and a history consistent with the presence of a viral illness within the two[nejm.org] Images hosted on other servers: Etiology of Myocarditis Clinical features Asymptomatic or nonspecific symptoms of chest pain, fever, sweats, chills, dyspnea Palpitations, syncope[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    However, its use continues to be controversial due to concerns of drug induced hypotension, syncope or paresthesia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a form of high altitude illness characterized by cough, dyspnea upon exertion progressing to dyspnea at rest and eventual death, seen[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Class IV is defined by symptoms at rest or with any physical activity.[radcliffecardiology.com]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Prior to experiencing syncope, she had felt slight dizziness while running on a treadmill. There was no associated pallor, cyanosis, tremors, or seizure-like activity.[radcliffecardiology.com] We report a case of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis in a 50-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with chest pain, dyspnea at rest, fever, and periorbital swelling[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pulsus paradoxus was 20 mmHg. The electrocardiogram showed low-voltage QRS complex with electrical alternans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Here, we report a Chinese family with typical DCM, ventricular tachycardia, syncope, and SCD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At presentation she had dyspnea at rest, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.[doi.org] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    A 66-year-old man was admitted due to repeated syncope, and the electrocardiogram showed complete atrioventricular block (CAVB).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Therefore, symptoms of heart failure because of AS may be left-sided, including rest or exertional dyspnea, orthopnea, and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, or right-sided, including[doi.org] Pulsus alternans can occur in the presence of LV systolic dysfunction.[emedicine.medscape.com]

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