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15 Possible Causes for Dyspnea with Sudden Onset, Metabolic Encephalopathy, Patient Appears Acutely Ill

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    BACKGROUND: The effect of warfarin on the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease is unknown among chronic hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation (HD-AF). METHODS: Population-based propensity score and prescription time-distribution matched cohort study including 6719 HD-AF patients with CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc score[…][]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Definition Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), is a life-threatening condition which is characterised by the sudden onset of severe dyspnea and hypoxaemia [1].[]

  • Pneumococcal Pneumonia

    Infected patients typically have an ill or anxious appearance.[] Initially a viral illness is followed by an acute onset of high fever, rigors, productive cough, chest pain, dyspnea, tachypnea, tachycardia, excess perspiration, general[]

  • Acute Hyperventilation

    Most commonly, the history is one of sudden onset of dyspnea, chest pain, or neurologic symptoms (eg, dizziness, weakness, paresthesias, or near-syncope) after a stressful[]

  • Septic Shock

    Amniotic fluid embolism Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a catastrophic peripartum syndrome that manifests as a sudden onset of severe dyspnea, hypoxemia, hemodynamic collapse[] (metabolic) (septic) ( G93.41 ) hepatic failure ( K72.0- ) Severe sepsis Approximate Synonyms Septic shock Septic shock acute organ dysfunction Septic shock acute organ dysfunction[] […] acidosis, arterial hypoxaemia (arterial oxygen tension [PaO 2 ]:fractional inspired oxygen [FiO 2 ] 250 mm Hg), oliguria ( 30 mL/h for three hours), coagulopathy or encephalopathy[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Sudden onset of dyspnea. Severe anxiety, restlessness, irritability. Cool, moist skin.[] The high blood ratio of the M2 metabolite to the parent compound, AB-CHMINACA, demonstrates rapid metabolism.[] onset of dyspnea.[]

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    Bryan Young, Metabolic Encephalopathies, Neurologic Clinics, 10.1016/j.ncl.2011.08.002, 29, 4, (837-882), (2011). Daniel E. Brooks, Michael Levine, Ayrn D.[] […] disorders Wilson disease prion encephalopathies Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Related Radiopaedia articles Toxic and metabolic encephalopathies Promoted articles (advertising[] […] with cardiac arrest, coma, metabolic acidosis, and high HbCO levels.[]

  • Opiate Overdose

    Clinically, heroin-induced lung injury will present with sudden onset of dyspnea, frothy sputum, cyanosis, tachypnea, and rales- features consistent with pulmonary edema.[] Thereafter, some patients require intensive care management because of respiratory failure, metabolic encephalopathy, acute kidney injury, and other organ failure.[]

  • Acute Cor Pulmonale

    Pulmonary embolism should be suspected in patients with sudden onset dyspnea, chest pain, and tachycardia.[] Therefore, the initial diagnosis was metabolic encephalopathy caused by infection, dehydration, and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).[] In cases of sudden onset isolated dyspnea, a more central PE with more significant hemodynamic problems should be suspected, rather than pulmonary infarction syndrome.[]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    The authors report the case of 9-month-old infant who was brought to the Pediatric Emergency Department with sudden onset dyspnea.[] Recently reported magnetic resonance images (MRIs) have shown reversible lesions in the median splenium of patients complicated with encephalitis or encephalopathy.[] Reversible lesions have also been observed after the administration of an antiepileptic agent, drastic weight loss, and development of metabolic abnormalities as reported[]

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