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3,063 Possible Causes for Dystonia, Exercise-Induced Limb Dystonia, focal dystonia becomes segmental or generalized

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  • Paroxysmal Exertion-Induced Dyskinesia

    The dyskinesia involves transient abnormal involuntary movements, such as dystonia and choreoathetosis, induced by exercise or exertion, and affecting the exercised limbs.[genecards.org] Activation of the primary motor cortex and cerebellum is frequently observed during dystonic attacks in patients with focal dystonia.[doi.org] Available from: Paroxysmal exercise induced dystonia (PEID) is a clinical entity characterised by dystonic postures in parts of the body, most commonly affecting the lower[neurologyindia.com]

  • Writer's Cramp

    Writer's cramp is frequently associated with hand tremor and with other focal dystonias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case broadens the spectrum of fluctuating dopa-sensitive progressive childhood dystonias and provides evidence for writer's cramp being a form of focal dystonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Writer's cramp is a task-specific focal dystonia of the hand.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Exercise-Induced Limb Dystonia
  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    With a stronger family history, a significantly lower AaO was seen in all focal dystonias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) is a genetically heterogeneous, isolated form of dystonia.[symptoma.com] Forty-six of them had segmental dystonia and 59 had focal dystonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Exercise-Induced Limb Dystonia
  • Meige Syndrome

    Meige syndrome is a type of focal dystonia characterized by blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia.[symptoma.com] […] syndrome is an adult-onset dystonic movement disorder that predominantly involves facial muscles, while some patients with this syndrome develop spasmodic dysphonia and dystonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Segmental craniocervical dystonia is characterized by blephalospasm and oromandibular dystonia and is also called Meige syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Exercise-Induced Limb Dystonia
  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    Related phenotypes are torticollis and cerebellar atrophy Disease Ontology : 12 A focal dystonia characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance of adult-onset cervical dystonia[malacards.org] However other focal dystonias may not respond and may even be made worse by this treatment.[wikivisually.com] dystonia AR DYT5b DYT-ATP1A3 Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism AD DYT12 DYT-TAF1a Dystonia-parkinsonism X-linked DYT3 Dystonia plus myoclonus DYT-SGCE Myoclonus-dystonia[docslide.net]

    Missing: Exercise-Induced Limb Dystonia
  • Oromandibular Dystonia

    Oromandibular dystonia is a form of focal dystonia affecting the mouth, jaw and tongue, and in this disease it is hard to speak. It is associated with bruxism.[en.wikipedia.org] Oromandibular dystonia is a focal dystonia involving the masticatory and/or tongue muscles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The evidence to indicate that this syndrome is due to an abnormality of extrapyramidal function, and that it is another example of adult-onset focal dystonia akin to spasmodic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Exercise-Induced Limb Dystonia
  • Blepharospasm

    BACKGROUND: Isolated blepharospasm (BSP) is a late-onset focal dystonia characterized by involuntary contractions of the orbicularis oculi muscles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Evidente VG (2002) Zolpidem improves dystonia in "Lubag" or X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism syndrome. Neurology 58:662-663.[web.archive.org] Pain and focal dystonias have been associated with chronic pain conditions such as complex regional pain syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Exercise-Induced Limb Dystonia
  • Paroxysmal Non-Kinesigenic Dyskinesia

    PNKD is characterized by attacks of spontaneous or induced (by alcohol, caffeine, stress, menstruation, sleep deprivation or exercise) dystonia, chorea, athetosis and ballism[orpha.net] ISOLATED FOCAL DYSTONIA Isolated focal dystonias are the most common dystonias and can include benign essential blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, oromandibular dystonia, and[rarediseases.org] One hundred years have passed since the first clinical descriptions of dystonia cases appeared in the literature.[books.google.de]

  • Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia

    induced dystonia of the left limbs. 13 They found necrotic lesions in the posterolateral ventral part of the right thalamus and a part of the right internal capsule.[jnnp.bmj.com] Generally, dystonia may be focal (affecting an isolated body part), segmental (affecting adjacent body areas), multifocal (two or more noncontiguous areas), generalized (affecting[rarediseases.org] */complications Dystonia*/genetics Dystonia*/pathology Electroencephalography Epilepsy, Benign Neonatal*/complications Epilepsy, Benign Neonatal*/genetics Epilepsy, Benign[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spasmodic Torticollis

    In this chapter we have described the use of integrated EMG feedback for the treatment of focal dystonia or spasmodic torticollis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In a third of the cases, there is a progression to segmental dystonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spasmodic torticollis is one focal dystonia which responds poorly to both medication and surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Exercise-Induced Limb Dystonia

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