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153 Possible Causes for Dystonia, Extrapyramidal Symptoms, focal dystonia becomes segmental or generalized

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  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    Extrapyramidal Symptoms Associated With Cyclic Antidepressant Treatment: A Review Of The Literature And Consolidating Hypotheses.[] With a stronger family history, a significantly lower AaO was seen in all focal dystonias.[] Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) is a genetically heterogeneous, isolated form of dystonia.[]

  • Meige Syndrome

    Meige syndrome is a type of focal dystonia characterized by blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia.[] […] syndrome is an adult-onset dystonic movement disorder that predominantly involves facial muscles, while some patients with this syndrome develop spasmodic dysphonia and dystonia[] Segmental craniocervical dystonia is characterized by blephalospasm and oromandibular dystonia and is also called Meige syndrome.[]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    symptoms following the use of 4-aminoquinolones such as chloroquine and amodiaquine for treating malaria especially in adults and adolescents.[] Mondet L, Radoubé F, Gras V, Masmoudi K Acute Focal Dystonia After a Single Dose of Oral Cetirizine in a 9-Year-Old Boy.[] Moreover, a serious and debilitating form of the disorder called tardive dystonia may follow. There are no tests tailored to diagnose drug-induced dystonia.[]

  • Movement Disorder

    BACKGROUND: While antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) and akathisia remain important concerns in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia, the relationship[] dystonia.[] Abstract Adult-onset dystonia (AOD) may manifest in focal forms (as blepharospasm, oromandibular dystonia, cervical dystonia, laryngeal dystonia, and hand dystonia) or in[]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    The extrapyramidal symptoms rating scale (ESRS) items were measured post treatment and six months and one year later.[] Rosen, The focal dystonias: Current views and challenges for future research, Movement Disorders, 28, 7, (926-943), (2013).[] Stuttering reduction was noted when frequency was changed to 80 Hz, but the previously observed dystonia improvement was lost.[]

  • Parkinson's Disease Type 3

    In general, focal dystonias are classified as primary (idiopathic) and are not hereditary.[] Some with type 3 disease showed a never-before-reported phenomenon of rapid and repetitive dystonia-like hyperkinetic movement disorder.[] Compared to PD, a lower risk of developing falls and freezing of gait but a higher risk of dystonia, motor fluctuations, and levodopa induced dyskinesia (LID) have been reported[]

  • Orofacial Dyskinesia

    The low prevalence of extrapyramidal symptoms associated with atypical antipsychotics has led to their widespread use during the past decade.[] Botox injections are used for minor focal dystonia, but not in more advanced tardive dyskinesia.[] Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is perhaps the most common of these and includes jaw opening, jaw closing, and jaw deviation dystonia.[]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    The clinical complexity of dystonia was then fully recognized. [44] See also [ edit ] Extrapyramidal symptoms Hypertonia Sydenham's chorea Ulegyria (brain condition with dystonia[] Related phenotypes are torticollis and cerebellar atrophy Disease Ontology : 12 A focal dystonia characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance of adult-onset cervical dystonia[] dystonia AR DYT5b DYT-ATP1A3 Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism AD DYT12 DYT-TAF1a Dystonia-parkinsonism X-linked DYT3 Dystonia plus myoclonus DYT-SGCE Myoclonus-dystonia[]

  • Extrapyramidal Disorder

    Extrapyramidal Disorder Symptoms and Signs The extrapyramidal symptoms are a collection of side-effects that commonly occur with certain use of medications.[] dystonia as writers cram or torticollis.[] dystonia.[]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    Sex, age at onset, education, occupation and severity of extrapyramidal symptoms did not correlate with survival.[] Botulinum toxin injections: These can effectively be used to treat various forms of focal dystonia and eyelid drop.[] (xv) Extra axial-dystonia: the presence of dystonia in any body part apart from trunk and neck.[]

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