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3,042 Possible Causes for Dystonia, 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI, Mask-like Facies

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    T2-weighted fast spin echo (G) and T1-weighted (H) brain MRI scans from a child with PKAN demonstrating the "eye of the tiger" sign (courtesy of Susan J.[] […] to alcohol combined with variable degrees of dystonia DYT-12 ATP1A3 19q13 Rapid Onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism Autosomal Dominant Acute or subacute onset of dystonia in combination[] T2 weighted brain MRI shows an ”eye of the tigersign corresponding to pallidal hypointensity with a high signal center.[]

  • Juvenile Paralysis Agitans of Hunt

    Parkinsonismo precoce associado a lesões palidais de tipo "eye-of-the-tiger" "Eye-of-the-tiger" sign at MRI in a patient with early-onset parkinsonism Egberto Reis Barbosa[] Her walking was affected either by severe dystonia or hyperkinetic movements with impaired balance.[] The condition was characterized by dystonia of the upper extremities. The patient was a 14-year-old female. The patient's main symptoms were bulbar dysfunction.[]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Facial expression is blunted, described as a "masked facies". The patient typically has difficulty with the initiation of movement.[] Stuttering reduction was noted when frequency was changed to 80 Hz, but the previously observed dystonia improvement was lost.[] The prevalence of GCH1 mutations in probands was different between PD [1.9% (5/268)] and DRD [26.9% (7/26)] (p value KEYWORDS: Dopa-responsive dystonia; Dystonia; GCH1; Genetics[]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI
  • Parkinson's Disease Type 3

    Dystonia-plus syndromes include dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) or Segawa syndrome, rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP) and myoclonus-dystonia.[] Some with type 3 disease showed a never-before-reported phenomenon of rapid and repetitive dystonia-like hyperkinetic movement disorder.[] Compared to PD, a lower risk of developing falls and freezing of gait but a higher risk of dystonia, motor fluctuations, and levodopa induced dyskinesia (LID) have been reported[]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    (xv) Extra axial-dystonia: the presence of dystonia in any body part apart from trunk and neck.[] Lidocaine should be considered in pain relief of dystonia to improve quality of life.[] Set 2: tremor, bradykinesia, asymmetric onset, non-axial dystonia, response to levodopa.[]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI
  • Parkinson-Dementia Syndrome

    Dementia represents one of the most challenging health problems. Despite intense research, available therapies have thus far only achieved modest results. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective treatment option for some movement disorders and is under study for psychiatric applications. Recently, diencephalic[…][]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI
  • Postencephalitic Parkinson Disease

    PARKINSON’S DISEASE Parkinson’s disease is characterized by a characteristic pill rolling tremor, bradykinesia, mask-like facies with a reduced blinking frequency (hypomimia[] Elderly patients suffer from continuous deterioration of motor function with dysphagia, incontinence, Levo-Dopa induced psychoses, dystonia, and cognitive impairment.[] Calne DB, Lang AE (1988) Secondary dystonia. Adv Neurol 50:9–33 Google Scholar 2. Calne DB, Langston JW (1983) Aetiology of Parkinson's disease.[]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI
  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Iron deposition in conjunction with destruction of the globus pallidus gives rise to the characteristic eye-of-the-tiger sign in MRI.[] Generalized dystonia is one of the most disabling movement disorders.[] […] of the tiger" sign.[]

    Missing: Mask-like Facies
  • Atypical Juvenile Parkinsonism

    The “masked facies” of Parkinson's disease is an example of slowed nonvolitional movement.[] Coronal and axial T2-weighted MRI of patient A showing the "eye of the tiger sign".[] Abstract Juvenile-onset dystonia that improves after levodopa may occur in both dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) and juvenile parkinsonism (JP), clinically similar conditions[]

  • Infantile Dystonia - Parkinsonism

    As in PKAN there is iron deposition on MRI imaging, however there is no classical eye-of-the-tiger sign, but there is only a hypointensity in the globus pallidus, whereas[] […] dystocia risk dystocial dystocial dystokia Dystome dystonia dystonia dystonia dystonia dystonia 1, torsion, autosomal dominant dystonia 12 dystonia 14 dystonia 14 dystonia[] Dystonia is the third most common movement disorder after Parkinson's disease and Tremor.[]

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