Create issue ticket

18 Possible Causes for Dystonia (<20, )

  • Machado-Joseph Disease

    Machado-Joseph disease, also known as spinocerebellar ataxia 3, is a progressive, degenerative nervous system disorder affecting the cerebellum, brain stem, basal ganglia, thalamus and cerebral cortex. It is characterized by varying degrees of motor and non-motor symptoms and is caused by a mutation in the ATXN3[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: )
  • Cluster Headache

    [ 20 – 33 ].[doi.org] […] hypothalamic stimulation does not abort acute cluster headache attacks [ 33 ], and it takes time – latency – for a prophylactic effect to develop, comparable to the delay in dystonia[doi.org]

    Missing: )
  • Meige Syndrome

    A small number of patients with lesions in the rostral midbrain or caudal diencephalon were reported to have abnormal movements similar to those in cranial dystonia. [20-22[blepharospasm.ca]

    Missing: )
  • Oromandibular Dystonia

    METHODS: Occlusal splints were inserted in 128 patients (89 women, 39 men) with oromandibular dystonia (102 with jaw closing dystonia, 20 with lingual dystonia, 5 with jaw[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] . 20 Studies showing the relationship between cerebellar disease and OMD have been reported. 3, 4 Although the cause is not known in the majority of cases, there are some[tremorjournal.org] […] supports this notion. 19 A study with voxel-based morphometry also found increased gray matter volume in the cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum in idiopathic cervical dystonia[tremorjournal.org]

    Missing: )
  • Primary Orthostatic Tremor

    These show a peak of coherence around the dominant frequency, as previously reported in cases of dystonic tremor and limb dystonia, 20 , 24 while smaller peaks at higher frequencies[tremorjournal.org]

    Missing: )
  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    [ 20 ], and recently THAP1 has been reported to autoregulate its own expression [ 21 ].[karger.com] . 20 Furthermore, MRI evidence of neuronal loss in the striatum suggests that, as in dystonia, abnormalities of cortical physiology in primary OCD may be due to dysfunction[ispub.com] […] import of mutant THAP1 in vitro [ 18 ]; THAP1 is reported to interact with the promoters of TOR1A, mutations of which cause DYT1 dystonia [ 19 ], TAF1, implicated in DYT3 dystonia[karger.com]

    Missing: )
  • Familial Dyskinesia and Facial Myokymia

    A small number of patients with lesions in the rostral midbrain or caudal diencephalon were reported to have abnormal movements similar to those in cranial dystonia. [20-22[blepharospasm.ca]

    Missing: )
  • Primary Torsion Dystonia 6

    [ 20 ], and recently THAP1 has been reported to autoregulate its own expression [ 21 ].[karger.com] . 20 Furthermore, MRI evidence of neuronal loss in the striatum suggests that, as in dystonia, abnormalities of cortical physiology in primary OCD may be due to dysfunction[ispub.com] [ 20, 24, 32 – 35, 38 – 41 ] dystonia and in one study [ 41 ] was reported inclusion of participants positive for the ΔGAG TOR1A mutation.[journals.plos.org]

    Missing: )
  • Idiopathic Copper-Associated Cirrhosis

    Peripheral OedemaHepatic Encephalopathy 19. neurological presentationTends to occur in 2nd & 3rd decades or later3 main movements disorders : DYSTONIA 20.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: )
  • Basal Ganglia Mass Lesion

    . 20 Although symptomatic hemidystonia is most commonly caused by putaminal lesions, the report of our four patients illustrates that contralateral dystonia can also occur[jnnp.bmj.com] . 20 21 Recordings of neuronal activity in GP during pallidotomy in patients with dystonia have recently shown lowered mean discharge rates, increased responses to peripheral[jnnp.bmj.com] […] of the contralateral putamen, 1 5 8 perhaps because such lesions potentially affect both direct and indirect pathways 1 which seems to be relevant for the development of dystonia[jnnp.bmj.com]

    Missing: )

Further symptoms