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53 Possible Causes for Early Repolarization, ST Elevation in Anterior Leads

  • Early Repolarization Syndrome

    Abstract The syndrome of the early repolarization variant is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ST elevation.[hqmeded-ecg.blogspot.com] elevation and included the anterior leads.[cardiology.org]

  • Brugada Syndrome

    KEYWORDS: J-waves; early repolarization; electrocardiography; sudden cardiac death; ventricular fibrillation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ECG patterns consist of variations of incomplete RBBB and ST elevation in anterior precordial leads only.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brugada Syndrome (BrS) is a cardiac disorder characterized by incomplete right bundle-branch block and ST elevations in the anterior precordial leads especially V1 -V3 , associated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Anterior Myocardial Infarction

    An anterior MI is characterized by the presence of ST elevation in the anterior leads V3 and V4.[wikidoc.org] BACKGROUND: Early repolarization (ER) and acute left anterior descending artery occlusion (LADO) may be difficult to distinguish.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He presented with the combined electrocardiographic abnormality of the Brugada-like or early repolarization pattern, which was misdiagnosed as acute anterior myocardial infarction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Pericarditis

    The S-T segment elevations in the right praecordial leads in these patients were due to the large magnitude of the maximal spatial ST vector.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ECG changes of both acute myocardial infarction and early repolarization can appear similar to ECG changes of acute pericarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ST segment / T wave ratio: In acute Pericarditis, T wave has normal amplitude, but are usually peaked in early repolarization. An ST/T ratio early repolarization.[en.my-ekg.com]

  • Lateral Wall Myocardial Infarction

    Benign Early Repolarization (BER): Benign early repolarization usually represents a normal variant most often seen in young, healthy patients.[cdemcurriculum.com] Posterior MI: Anterior ST-depression versus Posterior ST elevation on ECG Again with posterior MI, ST-depressions in the anterior leads (V1 – V3) and ST-elevations in the[aliem.com] Repolarization, Juvenile T Waves, Nonspecific ST and/or T Wave Abnormalities, ST and/or T Wave Abnormalities Suggesting Myocardial Ischemia, ST and/or T Wave Abnormalities[play.google.com]

  • Posterior Myocardial Infarction

    Posterior MI: Anterior ST-depression versus Posterior ST elevation on ECG Again with posterior MI, ST-depressions in the anterior leads (V1 – V3) and ST-elevations in the[foamem.com] In some cases the slope is downward (convex), which can be confused with early repolarization.[ahcmedia.com] In case series of posterior MIs: 61 – 91.67% had ST depression in anterior leads 3,4 91 – 100% had ST elevation in posterior leads 3,4 84.6% of patients with posterior MI[aliem.com]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Cardiac differential diagnosis With respect to other cardiac disease diagnoses, aortic dissection, pericarditis, left ventricular aneurysm, and early repolarization are all[clinicaladvisor.com] Electrocardiogram revealed ST elevation in the anterior leads in three patients; QTc was prolonged in all cases. All patients had moderately elevated troponin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An initial electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the inferior wall and anterior wall leads. Her initial cardiac troponin I levels were elevated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    repolarization Brugada syndrome Peri-/myocarditis Pulmonary embolism Subarachnoid haemorrhage Metabolic disturbances such as hyperkalaemia Failure to recognize normal limits[dx.doi.org] Electrocardiogram revealed ST elevation in the anterior leads in three patients; QTc was prolonged in all cases. All patients had moderately elevated troponin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient's initial electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed ST segment elevations in the anterior leads.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Post-Infarction Pericarditis

    leads but later evolved to generalized ST-segment elevation with a mild enzyme increase. 5 Case Report A 46-yr-old man with abdominal free air shown by computed tomography[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org] repolarization pattern (syndrome) T-waves in myocardial ischemia / infarction[ecgwaves.com] repolarization and acute MI 19 ( Table 2 7 ).[aafp.org]

  • Familial Short QT Syndrome

    The term “early repolarization” (ER) has long been used to refer to a heterogeneous group of specific QRS‐T junction patterns that are commonly found on the electrocardiograms[doi.org] First described in 1992, the syndrome is identified by a distinctive ECG pattern consisting of right bundle-branch block and coved ST-segment elevation in the anterior precordial[circ.ahajournals.org] repolarization pattern in the ECG and that the presence of early repolarization is strongly associated with arrhythmic events.[circep.ahajournals.org]

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