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198 Possible Causes for Early Repolarization, Sudden Death

  • Brugada Syndrome

    KEYWORDS: J-waves; early repolarization; electrocardiography; sudden cardiac death; ventricular fibrillation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This is known as sudden arrhythmic death syndrome, or SADS.[medium.com] This study confirms the independent predictive value of previous VF and syncopal episodes, f-QRS, type 1 electrocardiogram, and early repolarization pattern.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Early Repolarization Syndrome

    Abstract The syndrome of the early repolarization variant is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Its significance when identified in families affected by sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS) remains unclear.[lra.le.ac.uk] Although early repolarization syndrome is considered a benign entity, its arrhythmogenic potential still remains unknown.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Idiopathic Ventricular Fibrillation

    ICD therapy prevents the recurrence of idiopathic VF and the associated risk of sudden death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Recently, we and others reported that early repolarization (J wave) is associated with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A novel CaM mutation (CaM(F90L)) was recently identified in a family with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) and early onset sudden cardiac death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cocaine Abuse

    Autopsy, following a sudden, unexpected death, revealed a double aortic arch which was compressing the trachea and the esophagus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is an unusual trigger for acute coronary syndrome or sudden death, occurring more frequently in relatively young people and mainly in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In rare instances, sudden death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly thereafter. However, there is no way to determine who is prone to sudden death.[healthieryou.com]

  • Ventricular Fibrillation

    death out-of-hospital).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prominent early repolarization pattern was the most likely trigger of the VF storm in this Brugada patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Identification of risk of cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death in athletes. In: Estes NA, Salem DN, Wang PJ, eds. Sudden Cardiac Death in the Athlete.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Familial Short QT Syndrome

    The term “early repolarization” (ER) has long been used to refer to a heterogeneous group of specific QRS‐T junction patterns that are commonly found on the electrocardiograms[doi.org] However, it is not uncommon that the first sign of the disease may actually be sudden cardiac death, even before the identification of clear clinical abnormalities.[books.google.com] Sudden cardiac death in individuals with structurally normal heart accounts for approximately 20% of sudden cardiac death cases. 1 Idiopathic sudden cardiac death syndromes[doi.org]

  • Athletic Heart Syndrome

    Preventing Sudden Death in Young Athletes The sudden death of a young athlete is a tragic event that has devastating effects on families and communities.[barnesjewish.org] As mentioned previously, sinus bradycardia, AV blocks, extrasystoles, and early repolarization are hallmarks of athletic heart syndrome.[symptoma.com] Results from asymmetry in repolarization due to vagal tone Why is early repolarization common in athlete hearts?[quizlet.com]

  • Ventricular Arrhythmia

    Early repolarization (ER) has been associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac arrest.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] autopsy in sudden death victims 3.3 Risk prediction of sudden cardiac death 3.4 Prevention of sudden cardiac death in special settings 4.[escardio.org] In many cases of sudden death, autopsies do not clarify the main cause. Cardiovascular complications are usually involved in these deaths.[doi.org]

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    As a consequence, sudden death might occur in these patients, thought to be caused by an arrhythmogenic event.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early repolarization revisited. N Engl J Med. 2008; 358 :2063–65. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 18. Lawless CE, Best TM.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] death, let alone a cause of sudden death.[verywell.com]

  • Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia Type 2

    Most sudden deaths occurred within 10 years of CPVT diagnosis.[dx.doi.org] AIMS: The early repolarization pattern (ERP) has been shown to be associated with arrhythmias in patients with short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and ischaemic heart disease[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mutations in these genes cause various phenotypes, including Timothy syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and early repolarization syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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