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108 Possible Causes for Echocardiogram Abnormal, Thickening of the Mitral Valve Leaflets

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    The physician injects a contrast solution into the artery and takes X-rays to check for blockage and other abnormalities.[wexnermedical.osu.edu] Mitral stenosis is characterized by thickening and immobility of the mitral valve leaflets.[symptoma.com] It is used to check for abnormal heart rhythm caused by aortic stenosis. An echocardiogram is a type of ultrasound.[drugs.com]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA; Morquio A: OMIM 253000) is a lysosomal storage disease with an autosomal recessive trait caused by the deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to accumulation of specific glycosaminoglycans (GAGs): chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S) and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    An ECG is done to look for abnormal electrical conduction through the heart; an echocardiogram is done to look for leaking heart valves, fluid in the sac around the heart[chop.edu] Echocardiography evaluation showed thickened aortic and mitral valve leaflets with mild to moderate degree of mitral regurgitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The mitral valve can be thickened, calcified, have restricted movement and the mitral valve leaflets fused together. The aortic valve may also be thickened.[myheart.net]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    In 16 age- and gender-matched control subjects, CMR and ECG were performed and an echocardiogram was made when structural abnormalities were detected with CMR.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of an anomalous papillary muscle [arrow] onto the ventricular surface of the anterior mitral leaflet).[doi.org] […] and diastolic dysfunction, and electrophysiologic abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aortic Valve Disorder

    This test is used to check for abnormal heart rhythms. An echocardiogram uses sound waves to create a picture of the heart valves and chambers.[healthline.com] The inflammed leaflets thicken, fuse at the edges and calcify. The resulting mitral stenosis causes pressure in the left atrium to increase.[courses.washington.edu] Echocardiogram (ECHO): Uses an ultrasound to visualize the heart and will show in some detail if there is a heart valve problem and what type of problem it is.[utswmed.org]

  • Infective Endocarditis

    […] heart rhythm, excessive alcohol use, infection, heart damage [4] [5] Risk factors Smoking, sedentary lifestyle Diagnostic method Echocardiogram [6] Differential diagnosis[en.wikipedia.org] […] history of endocarditis history of illegal drug use mitral valve prolapse and valve regurgitation (leaking) and/or thickened valve leaflets The risk of infective endocarditis[healthline.com] […] symptoms of heart failure Specialty Cardiology Symptoms Shortness of breath, feeling tired, leg swelling [4] Duration Usually lifelong Causes Heart attack, high blood pressure, abnormal[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Giant Left Atrium

    An ECG revealed evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy with repolarization abnormalities.[bjmp.org] His echocardiogram showed a rheumatic mitral valve with thickening of the leaflet tips and failure of coaptation together with a severe jet of central mitral regurgitation[bsecho.org] The mitral annulus was calcified. In a pattern consistent with post-rheumatic changes the mitral valve leaflets were thickened and partially calcified.[wjgnet.com]

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    The most common procedures include: Chest X-rays Electrocardiogram (ECG), which records the heart’s electrical activity Cardiac MRI, which shows the heart’s abnormalities[zofranlawsuitguide.com] leaflets and in the mitral subvalvular apparatus, causing thickening, retraction, and stiffening of valves and resulting in incomplete leaflet coaptation and valve regurgitation[doi.org] , also called an echocardiogram A person’s description of symptoms along with the physical exam and echocardiogram can determine how serious a leaky heart valve is.[webmd.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    There may be a heart murmur (made by abnormal backward flow through the mitral valve) or other extra heart sounds and the liver is often enlarged.[mottchildren.org] Persistent mitral regurgitation leads to thickening of the mitral valve leaflets, and, at times, it is difficult to distinguish this thickening from other causes of mitral[transplantbuddies.org] Common abnormalities seen on the echocardiogram include increased chamber dimensions, reduced fractional shortening or ejection fraction, functional mitral and tricuspid valvular[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Primary Cardiac Sarcoma

    A stat echocardiogram revealed normal right and left ventricular size and function, with normal appearing valve leaflets.[symbiosisonlinepublishing.com] CT also revealed diffuse thickening of the LA wall around the mass and the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve.[iranjradiol.com] A CT of the chest did not reveal embolism but did show a large pericardial effusion and noted for abnormal configuration of the left ventricular wall concerning for a mass[symbiosisonlinepublishing.com]

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