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19 Possible Causes for Echogenic Kidneys, Plasma Renin Activity Decreased, small

  • Essential Hypertension

    […] hemodynamic (133Xe-washout) and angiographic studies were performed in 46 patients with essential hypertension to demonstrate a possible correlation between graded renal small[] […] had increased cortical echogenicity on the right and left kidneys, respectively.[] In a small group, 6 We conclude from these surprising findings that hypertension is not a continuous, multifactorial part of the normal blood pressure distribution.[]

  • Hyporeninemic Hypoaldosteronism

    Administration of a normal sodium intake induced small increases in serum chloride in all five subjects and a decrease in bicarbonate concentration in one patient.[] Furthermore, it suggests that certain renal disorders should be considered in cases of cirrhosis and ascites with decreased plasma renin activity.[] Abdominal ultrasonography showed bilateral small kidneys with Grade-1 echogenicity (right kidney: 5.5 cm 3.1 cm, left kidney: 6.4 cm 3.1 cm).[]

  • Cystic Kidney

    In contrast to hereditary cystic kidney disease, ACKD is characterized by the presence of multiple small cysts in bilaterally small kidneys.[] Indomethacin therapy decreased plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone, and urinary loss of potassium and sodium, while serum potassium approached normal levels.[] A cohort of 44 families in whom antenatal renal ultrasound scanning findings in affected cases included bilateral cystic kidney disease, echogenic kidneys or enlarged kidneys[]

  • Hyperuricemia

    We describe three children with T-cell ALL who presented with acute renal failure and very high serum uric acid concentrations, despite a relatively small leukemic cell burden[] […] fractional excretion of urinary uric acid, bland urinary sediment, and low plasma renin activity.[] Abstract Transient renal insufficiency in the neonate is frequently the result of hypoperfusion of the kidneys due to circulatory compromise and is associated with a normal[]

  • Diabetic Enteropathy

    […] disturbances, particularly the contribution of chronic hyperglycemia (Aim 1), the effects of modulating gastric emptying on glycemic control (Aim 2), and the contribution of small[] In fact, Tuck et al. [ [ 8 ] ] found decreased plasma renin response to isoproterenol in five hyperkalemic diabetic patients with hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism and evidence[] […] with diffuse increase in parenchymal echogenicity on ultrasound (US).[]

  • Renal Impairment

    We surveyed the publicly available FDA review documents of 29 small molecule oncology drugs approved between 2010 and the first quarter of 2015.[] The ADX improved her hypertension with normalization of the plasma aldosterone concentration, but without adequately increasing her plasma renin activity.[] Imaging typically shows large echogenic kidneys. Biopsy shows collapsing focal segmental glomerulosclerosis with tubular and interstitial damage.[]

  • Renin Deficiency

    The blood may be collected in a pipette (small glass tube), on a slide, onto a test strip, or into a small container.[] 3 Hypotension secondary to decreased plasma aldosterone levels 4 Hypertension with low plasma renin activity 5 Increased fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) and associated[] Abdominal ultrasonography showed enlarged kidney with increased echogenicity and poorly defined corticomedullary junctions.[]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    We report the case of a 76-year-old woman who presented with a podocytopathy that was found to be associated with a small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).[] In addition, non-significant higher plasma renin activity (p 0.11) and aldosteron (p 0.09) were also seen in the low GFR group.[] A renal ultrasound can also be done and high echogenicity of the kidney is a pointer to chronic kidney disease. It will also show if a patient has one or two kidneys.[]

  • Chronic Glomerulonephritis

    Gross Findings : Small, firm kidney with granular subcapsular surface & narrowed cortex. C.[] Exogenously infused angiotensin II (5.0 ng/kg/min) failed to decrease the plasma renin activity (PRA) in the ESRD group but significantly decreased the PRA in the RVH, EH,[] ] Diagnosis [ edit ] Renal ultrasonography of chronic renal disease caused by glomerulonephritis with increased echogenicity and reduced cortical thickness.[]

  • Renal Injury

    Abstract A 4-year-old boy suffered hyperextension injury with small-bowel obstruction and renal injuries.[] Plasma renin activity definitely was elevated in 1 patient and probably was elevated in another.[] Kidney function recovery was apparent within 3 days of creatinine peak in most patients.[]

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