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53 Possible Causes for Echolalia, Echopraxia

  • Tourette Syndrome

    Echopraxia (repeating other’s actions) Echopraxia is similar to echolalia, but instead of repeating words, sufferers will repeat the physical actions of others.[counselling-directory.org.uk] Obsessive-compulsive behavior, attention-deficit disorder, and other psychiatric disorders may be associated; coprolalia and echolalia rarely occur; autosomal dominant inheritance[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Many also experience copropraxia (obscene gestures), echopraxia (mimicking of gestures) with unusual fixations and fanaticises.[symptoma.com]

  • Tics

    This automatic imitation of movements referred to as "echopraxia" has been ascribed to a failure in top-down inhibition of imitative response tendencies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Barely audible muttering Calling out Coprolalia Echolalia "Hey," "Wow," etc.[tourette13.tripod.com] Patients with a complex vocal tic may repeat their own words (palilalia) or other people’s words (echolalia), and may use obscene words (coprolalia).[cedars-sinai.edu]

  • Frontal Lobe Neoplasm

    Typically, a patient with FLS will copy you (echopraxia).[patient.info]

  • Catatonia

    Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor disturbance (including waxy flexibility and catalepsy), stupor, excitement, negativism, mutism, echopraxia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The behavior can range from echolalia, automatism, or agitation.[symptoma.com] […] catalepsy" factor (with posturing and waxy flexibility), an "abnormal movements" factor (with mannerisms and stereotypes) and an "echo phenomenon" factor (with echolalia and echopraxia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tic Disorder

    They can appear purposeful and can include a sexual or obscene gesture (copropraxia) or a tic-like imitation of someone else’s movements (echopraxia).Complex vocal tics can[hopeandhealingcenter.org] […] or fingers) Coughing Throat clearing, grunting Sniffing, snorting, shouting Humming Jumping Spinning Touching objects or people Throwing objects Repeating others’ action (echopraxia[mdedge.com] The most disabling tics include motor movements that result in self-harm such as punching oneself in the face or vocal tics including coprolalia (uttering swear words) or echolalia[risas.org]

  • ACHOO Syndrome

    The complex tics are categorized by copropraxia, echopraxia, palilalia, echolalia, and coprolalia.[skepticink.com] The complex tics are categorized by copropraxia, echopraxia, palilalia, echolalia, and coprolalia.[skepticink.com] Copropraxia : appear to be purposeful, and are sudden, tic-like vulgar sexual or obscene gesture Echopraxia : is a mirror phenomenon of tic-like imitation of someone else’[skepticink.com]

  • Ganser Syndrome

    Symptomns include a clouding of consciousness, somatic conversion symptoms, confusion, stress, loss of personal identity, echolalia, and echopraxia.[sharecare.com] Echopraxia. Confusion. Precipitating stress. Loss of personal identity. There is no typical finding on examination.[patient.info] Symptoms include a clouding of consciousness, somatic conversion symptoms, confusion, stress, loss of personal identity, echolalia , and echopraxia .[ipfs.io]

  • Malignant Catatonia

    […] motor activity (that is apparently purposeless and not influenced by external stimuli), extreme negativism or mutism, peculiarities of voluntary movement, or echolalia or echopraxia[books.google.com] Abnormal speech.) 2) Examiner scratches head in exaggerated manner (Echopraxia) 3) Examine arm for cogwheeling.[quizlet.com] She exhibits muscular rigidity, posturing, echolalia, and echopraxia.[link.springer.com]

  • Catatonic Schizophrenia

    Echolalia and echopraxia also are seen in Tourette’s Syndrome. How Is It Diagnosed? The general criteria for a diagnosis of schizophrenia must be satisfied.[psychcentral.com] Others may imitate sounds ( echolalia ) or movements ( echopraxia ) of others. includes: Catatonic Type, Excited Catatonic Type, Withdrawn Old criteria for this diagnosis[behavenet.com] Echolalia and echopraxia also are seen in Tourette’s Syndrome. How Is It Diagnosed? The general criteria for a diagnosis of schizophrenia must be satisfied.[psychcentral.com]

  • Autistic Disorder

    Autistic disorder shares some symptoms with catatonia, namely, mutism, echopraxia/echolalia, and sterotypes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If speech is present, peculiar speech patterns such as immediate and delayed echolalia, metaphorical language, pronominal reversal. E.[unstrange.com] […] difficulties may include a delay in the development of language, comprehension difficulties, literal thinking and speech, poorly modulated intonation and delivery of speech, echolalia[sess.ie]

Further symptoms