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3,331 Possible Causes for Ectropion, Hyperpigmentation, Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum

    Besides the basal cell carcinomas, the background hyperpigmentation and keratotic papules also cleared, and the skin texture improved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with an acute sunburning skin phenotype were less likely to develop conjunctival melanosis and ectropion but more likely to develop neoplastic ocular surface lesions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both patients had marked lentiginous hyperpigmentation and multiple skin cancers at an early age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

    Patients also can present with changes to their nails, hyperpigmentation, alopecia, palmoplantar keratoderma, ectropion, and hepatosplenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The lesions spontaneously resolve in 4-6 weeks, leaving hyperpigmentation or atrophic scars.[emedicine.com] In addition, these patients can have alopecia (hair loss), nail abnormalities and eye changes (blepharoconjunctivitis and ectropion). How is CTCL diagnosed?[oncolink.org]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Erythropoietic Porphyria

    One patient presented signs of hemolysis, cutaneous scarring and severe deformities, while the other showed only mild hyperpigmentation and no signs of hemolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] skin pigmentation Abnormality of pigmentation Pigmentary changes Pigmentary skin changes Pigmentation anomaly [ more ] 0001000 Blepharitis Inflammation of eyelids 0000498 Ectropion[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Healing is slow with scar formation, severe scarring resulting in synechia of the fingers and mutilation with hyperpigmentation and depigmentation.[dermis.net]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita

    […] detailed description of mottled pigmentary changes of the skin, specifically numerous small, whitish macules dispersed against a background of diffuse, finely reticulated hyperpigmentation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ophthalmologic manifestations include blepharitis, conjunctivitis, obliteration of the lacrimal puncta, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, ectropion, and loss of eyelashes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe a case of acquired monosomy 7 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) in a boy with congenital adrenocortical insufficiency, genital anomalies, growth delay, skin hyperpigmentation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Lamellar Ichthyosis

    Nevi/ Nevus of Ota Congenital Abnormalities/ Nevus of Ota Drug-Induced Hyperpigmentation Amiodarone Hyperpigmentation Antimalarials Hyperpigmentation Bleomycin Hyperpigmentation[pongpdf.com] The generalized skin involvement necessitated the use of an alternative to correct the cicatricial ectropion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Congenital ectropion is commonly associated with lamellar ichthyosis. Severe eyelid ectropion may cause corneal exposure, keratopathy, and permanent corneal scarring.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Acne Vulgaris

    Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after acne can be as troublesome as the acne itself.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Topical tazarotene for the treatment of ectropion ichthyosis. JAMA Dermatol. 2013;149(5):598–600. doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.239 (PMID 23677086).[doi.org] Mekhala Chandra, Jacob Levitt, Cara A Pensabene DOI: 10.2340/00015555-1225 Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after acne can be as troublesome as the acne itself.[doi.org]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Skin Cancer

    Prior to the laser sessions, these scars demonstrated hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation, neovascularization, or diminished pore structures compared to the surrounding skin[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the face, it may produce ectropion, retraction of the nasal ala, or distortion of the vermilion border. Over joints, it may limit functional range of motion.[web.archive.org] Hyperpigmentation has been treated with dermabrasion and laser resurfacing. Graft Failure Skin grafting may be unsuccessful for numerous reasons.[web.archive.org]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

    The dyspigmentation of older lesions often presents as central hypopigmentation and peripheral hyperpigmentation.[dermnet.com] The eyelid inflammation decreased but severe scarring of the marginal eyelids persisted, resulting in cicatricial ectropion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Over time, lesions slowly expand, producing areas of peripheral inflammation or hyperpigmentation, leaving a central region of scarring with telangiectasia and hypopigmentation[bestpractice.bmj.com]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Localized Scleroderma

    Physical examination revealed several irregularly shaped, firm nodules with hyperpigmentation and induration on the trunk and upper arms (Panel A).[nejm.org] INTRODUCTION: Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is a severe and rare hereditary congenital skin disorder characterized by excessive dryness, ectropion and eclabion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with mineral-only formulations of sunscreen or with those that combine mineral and chemical sun filters, is emphasized in those with morphea because it will best prevent hyperpigmentation[sherberandrad.com]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Rothmund Thomson Syndrome

    Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (OMIM #268400) is a severe autosomal recessive genodermatosis: characterised by growth retardation, hyperpigmentation and frequently accompanied[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He then underwent symblepharon release with buccal mucosal grafting, which improved ectropion.[ijo.in] He was admitted when he was 26 months old because of short stature, dehydration, metabolic acidosis, hyperpigmentation, and typical skin lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

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