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220 Possible Causes for Eczema, Increased Susceptibility to Infections, Recurrent Otitis Media

  • Primary Immune Deficiency Disorder

    The most common symptom of PIDD is an increased susceptibility to infection.[] Eczema Histological Pictutre: 25.[] Scarred tympanic membranes or chronic perforation due to recurrent otitis media is commonly seen in patients with antibody deficiencies.[]

  • Hypogammaglobulinemia

    susceptibility to pyogenic infections.[] Babies with hypogammaglobulinemia often get respiratory tract infections, food allergies, and eczema. Infants can also develop urinary tract and intestinal infections.[] Case description: A 41-year-old female with TS, hypothyroidism, and recurrent otitis media as a child presents with severe vitamin deficiencies including: iron, vitamin B12[]

  • HIV Infection

    Fig 3. eSF enhance HIV infection more potently than DCs in a manner involving both trans -infection and increased susceptibility of T cells to HIV infection.[] […] ectoparasites Insect bites Scabies Demodicosis Inflammatory conditions Seborrhoeic dermatitis Psoriasis (new onset and severe forms, including pustular psoriasis and erythroderma ) Eczema[] They may present with recurrent infections of the respiratory tract, including otitis media, tonsillitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, and bronchitis.[]

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

    susceptibility to infection cystitis (bladder inflammation) easily broken bones diabetes cognitive changes such as mood swings sterility cancer of the bladder.[] otitis media otalgia lower respiratory symptoms hemoptysis renal symptoms hematuria skin leukocytoclastic angiitis Imaging Radiography indication should be performed in all[] There were no signs of recurrent otitis media or mastoiditis, and sigmoid sinus thrombosis was ruled out.[]

  • Down Syndrome

    Leukemia, thyroid diseases, autoimmune disorders, epilepsy, intestinal obstruction, and increased susceptibility to infections (including recurrent respiratory infections)[] Alopecia areata (2.9–20%), vitiligo (1.9%), seborrhoeic eczema (8–36%), folliculitis (10.3–26%) and syringoma (12.3–39.2%) are more frequently seen in children with DS.[]

  • Shwachman Syndrome

    Affected individuals with neutropenia may also have additional abnormalities believed to result from an increased susceptibility to infections.[] Other features include cutaneous (e.g. eczema or ichthyosis) and dental anomalies, and psychomotor retardation.[] otitis media, mastoiditis, and two episodes of pneumonia.[]

  • Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome

    Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia, small platelets, eczema, increased susceptibility to infection, and immunodeficiency[] Eczema may be severe and facilitate entry of microorganism into the host.[] otitis media infections.[]

  • Food Allergy

    Defects in the immune system result in increased susceptibility to infection 1-19.[] Whilst the association between eczema and food allergy is well established, the role of dietary manipulation in children with eczema remains controversial.[] View Article PubMed Google Scholar Lanphear BP, Byrd RS, Auinger P, Hall CB: Increasing prevalence of recurrent otitis media among children in the United States.[]

  • Common Variable Immunodeficiency

    susceptibility to infections.[] WAS has a classic presentation with eczema, microcytic thrombocytopenia and recurrent encapsulated infection in a young boy.[] Antibody immunodeficiencies are marked by hypo- or dysgammaglobulinemia, recurrent bacterial otitis media, and sinopulmonary infections.[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Hyper-IgE Syndrome

    Common features are severe eczema, increased susceptibility to infections and markedly raised levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE).[] Skin Affected by Hyper IgE Syndrome A newborn rash or eczema is frequently the first manifestation of AD-HIES.[] A persistent cough, sinusitis (infection of the sinuses), recurrent otitis media (middle ear infections) are also common in Hyper IgE Syndrome affected infants.[]

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