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8,659 Possible Causes for Edema

  • Pneumonia

    In addition, the accumulation of plasma proteins results in a fluid build-up in the lungs, called pulmonary edema.[] Fluid management is critical to minimize the risk of pulmonary edema.[] Pulmonary edema makes it harder to breathe and harder for oxygen and carbon dioxide to pass between blood in the lungs and inhaled air, as these gases need to do for the body[]

  • Insect Bite

    The histopathology ranges from a typical bite-like reaction to massive dermal edema and eosinophil degranulation with flame figures (Wells syndrome).[] Systemic reactions typically begin within 30 minutes of envenomation and may produce urticaria, wheezing, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, edema of the oropharynx[] Eosinophil granule proteins may increase vascular permeability, contributing to tissue edema. These proteins also induce basophils and mast cells to release histamine.[]

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    In persons with diphtheria, submandibular and anterior cervical edema may be present along with adenopathy.[] Blood pressure may be elevated, and edema may occur. Scarlet fever is a self-limited exanthem that spreads from the chest and abdomen to the entire body.[] Findings may include the following: Nasal mucosal erythema and edema are common Nasal discharge: Profuse discharge is more characteristic of viral infections than bacterial[]

  • Pharyngitis

    The edema is most pronounced in the head and neck. Epiglottitis causes fever, difficulty swallowing, drooling, and stridor.[] These viruses enter the body through the ciliated epithelium that lines the nose, causing edema and hyperemia of the nasal mucous membranes.[] Pathologically, there is edema of the submucosa and epithelial changes that may undergo malignant transformation.[]

  • Appendicitis

    Findings of pyelonephritis on CT include nephromegaly due to edema, a striated or delayed nephrogram, perinephric fat stranding, and wall-thickening and enhancement of the[] […] that is often best appreciated on T2 fat saturated sequences. 10 An inflamed appendix demonstrates restricted diffusion.10 The appendix may be filled with high T2 fluid or edema[] Multiple small follicles can be seen in the periphery of the enlarged ovary due to displacement from stromal edema, described as “string of pearls” sign. 29 On Doppler, venous[]

  • Streptococcal Infection

    Redness, heat, edema, and streaking lymphangitis are hallmarks of the more acute, toxic forms of streptococcal skin and wound infections.[] The connective tissue septa of the fat are widened by edema and an exudate of fibrin and neutrophils.[] One is acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, which presents with edema, hypertension, hematuria, and other urinary abnormalities. The disease is on the decline.[]

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    Pain in flank: There can be a sudden renal edema causing an increase in pressure and capsular distention causing intense pain in the flank that can radiate to the groin.[] […] could be confused with hydronephrosis, pyonephrosis, or obstruction. 48 Changes in the size and shape of the kidneys and the echogenicity of renal parenchyma attributable to edema[] Dysuria occurs due to acute inflammation Increased frequency of urination: The reduced bladder capacity due to edema (because of inflammation) can increase the frequency of[]

  • Skin Infection

    Redness, heat, edema, and streaking lymphangitis are hallmarks of the more acute, toxic forms of streptococcal skin and wound infections.[] […] infections affected about 155 million people and cellulitis occurred in about 600 million people in 2013. [2] Cause [ edit ] Bacterial [ edit ] Example of cellulitis showing 3 edema[] […] manifestations of acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis are: CLINICAL FEATURES LABORATORY FINDINGS Abrupt onset Hematuria, cylindruria Headache, malaise Proteinuria Edema[]

  • Sinusitis

    […] of upper respiratory symptoms, with or without worsening Development of fever Transition from clear to purulent rhinorrhea Pre-septal orbital involvement with palpebral edema[] Obstruction of the serous openings, usually by swelling (edema), may lead to retained secretions and sinusitis.[] […] initial improvement The following signs may be noted on physical examination: Purulent nasal secretions Purulent posterior pharyngeal secretions Mucosal erythema Periorbital edema[]

  • Sunburn

    In some cases, blisters can form , and the skin may even swell—a condition called edema .[] A more moderate sunburn (second degree burn) may cause the skin to become swollen ( edema ), and very red, with painful blisters .[]

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