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62 Possible Causes for Edema, Hyponatremia, Major Cause of Death is Heart Failure

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[symptoma.com] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypertension and pulmonary edema are manifestations of severe volume overload. The most dangerous form of volume overload is pulmonary edema.[clinicaladvisor.com] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org] Hypertension, pulmonary edema and peripheral edema are results of over-hydration. Water and salt excretion are thereby inextricably linked.[lecturio.com]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    A heart attack may cause pulmonary edema.[healthcommunities.com] Specifically, tolvaptan is approved by the FDA for the treatment of euvolemic hyponatremia and hypervolemic hyponatremia.[healio.com] History of Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure is, in a nutshell, the end stage for all chronic disease affecting the heart, and as such is a major cause of[ceufast.com]

  • Heart Failure

    edema in patients who in fact have cardiogenic edema.[emedicine.com] hyponatremia and edema.[uscjournal.com] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org]

  • Hypervolemia

    The excess fluid, primarily salt and water, builds up in various locations in the body and leads to an increase in weight, swelling in the legs and arms (peripheral edema)[en.wikipedia.org] (see Table: Principal Causes of Hyponatremia ).[merck.com] Patients were classified as having a major CV event if the main cause of death or hospitalization was acute coronary syndrome, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure[elsevier.pt]

  • Hypertension

    While mild lower extremity edema is common in normal pregnancy, rapidly increasing or nondependent edema may be a signal of developing preeclampsia.[web.archive.org] Drugs to treat hypertension have well-known adverse effects, including hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypotension, dizziness, headache, edema, erectile dysfunction[doi.org] High blood pressure is a major contributing risk factor to heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and chronic kidney disease.[doi.org]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    This patient developed a bilateral diabetic macular edema (DME), which made its management complex due to the multiple pathogenic processes involved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The reductions in risk of CV death, all-cause mortality, 3-point major adverse cardiac events, hospitalization for heart failure (HHF), and HHF or CV death with empagliflozin[acc.org]

  • Kidney Failure

    Although edema decreased temporarily, the symptoms worsened and furosemide resistance developed 2 months later.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with hypervolemic hyponatremia and kidney failure pose a special therapeutic challenge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    DIAGNOSIS: The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias, persistent gallop rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] health problems, such as progressive heart failure, arrhythmia, thromboembolism and sudden cardiac death.[patient.info]

  • Chronic Kidney Disease

    As kidney disease gets worse, a person may have swelling, called edema. Edema happens when the kidneys can’t get rid of extra fluid and salt.[niddk.nih.gov] In this context, it is of interest that it was reported recently that excessive consumption of fluids can cause hyponatremia in marathon runners ( 19 ).[cjasn.asnjournals.org] An investigation of the causes of death associated with CKD in Alberta revealed that the major cause of death was cardiovascular (including an increase in heart failure and[link.springer.com]

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