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15 Possible Causes for Edema, Impaired Exercise Tolerance, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[symptoma.com] The impairment of exercise tolerance indicated by NYHA classification was markedly improved by PD for both groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Numerous mechanisms unrelated to hemodynamic dysfunction may underlie impaired exercise tolerance in patients with chronic heart failure.[doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    DIAGNOSIS: The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old woman presented with frank pulmonary edema and received a diagnosis of noncompaction cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[symptoma.com]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    […] in the lower extremities Rapid weight gain A common symptom of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy is edema in the lower extremities.[study.com] The cardinal manifestations of HF are dyspnea and fatigue, which may limit exercise tolerance, and fluid retention, which may lead to pulmonary congestion and peripheral edema[circ.ahajournals.org] Signs include congestive heart failure, angina edema, weight gain and fainting, among others.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Other findings which are of importance include: cyanosis, clubbing, jugular venous distension, pulmonary edema, S 3 gallop, enlarged liver and peripheral edema.[symptoma.com] We report a case of 14-year-old girl who presented with dyspnea, bipedal edema, loss of weight, and easy fatigability for three months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Knockout of the homologous gene in zebrafish recapitulated a heart failure phenotype with pericardial edema, decreased ventricular systolic function, and embryonic mortality[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms of heart failure may include shortness of breath, fatigue, cough, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and edema.[aafp.org] […] pseudoaneurysm仮[性]心室瘤、仮性動脈瘤、偽[性]動脈瘤 pulmonary arteriostenosis 肺動脈狭窄症 pulmonary artery (PA) 肺動脈 pulmonary artery wedge pressure肺動脈毛細[血]管圧 pulmonary congestion肺うっ血 pulmonary edema[tokyo-med.ac.jp] […] severity of heart failure was quantified using the cardiovascular profile score (CVPS) ( Table 1 ) with 2 modifications to the original scoring system (replacement of “skin edema[heartfailure.onlinejacc.org]

  • Heart Disease

    She recovered from sepsis with antibiotics and aggressive fluid resuscitation but became grossly volume overloaded with evidence of tense ascites and lower extremity edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The result is edema, or swelling, usually in the legs and ankles, though edema can happen anywhere in the body.[cnn.com] Associated cardiac complications include atrial arrhythmias, pulmonary edema, recurrent pulmonary emboli, infective endocarditis, intracardiac thrombus formation, and systemic[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    We describe a patient with pancytopenia, jaundice, and diffuse edema after a distal splenorenal shunt. His shunt was angiographically proved patent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Also observed were interstitial edema, an enlarged cardiomyocyte-capillary space, thinning of the capillary walls, flattening of the endothelium and a plethora and aggregation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Therefore, a clinical picture develops secondary to CHF and pulmonary edema. A majority will experience dyspnea on exertion.[symptoma.com]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    This report describes the presentation and anesthetic management of a parturient who was admitted with a diagnosis of severe preeclampsia in whom pulmonary edema and heart[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 22-year-old woman in the 26th week of gestation was admitted with acute pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Peripheral edema occurs in approximately one third of healthy gravid women.[emedicine.com]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    […] increasingly sustained high diastolic left atrial pressures to fill the ventricle which is transmitted retrogradely into the pulmonary circulation, resulting in pulmonary edema[pathwaymedicine.org] In the latter case, it may show cardiomegaly, edema, and other findings suggestive of congestive heart failure.[symptoma.com] Peripheral edema /4 , and good peripheral perfusion. General tests revealed hemoglobin of 6.8 g/dl, hematocrit 23%, creatinine 1.39 mg/dL.[web.archive.org]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Fluid retention may be present as edema, weight gain, or third place fluid collection. Pericardial effusion is rarely seen with docetaxel treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com] Dyspnea and reduced exercise tolerance will be early signs, progressing to severe impaired cardiac output and death in severe cases (e.g. cardiac tamponade ).[radiopaedia.org]

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