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28 Possible Causes for Edema, Mandible Involvement, Narrowing of Medullary Canal

  • Camurati-Engelmann Syndrome

    […] unpredictable. 16, 32 It has been hypothesized that those with an intermittent progressive course may be afflicted by repeated acute viral inflammation resulting in neural edema[] Certain bone regions (specifically, the endosteal and periosteal surfaces) become abnormally thickened and hardened, which in turn narrows the medullary canal.[] Typically the long bones, especially the femora and tibiae, are affected but skull, mandible and vertebral involvement is recognized [ 1, 2 ].[]

  • Osteomyelitis

    T1 intermediate to low signal central component (fluid) surrounding bone marrow of lower signal than normal due to edema cortical bone destruction T2 bone marrow edema central[] If jaws are affected, maxilla is somewhat more often involved than mandible Osteopetrosis (Albers-Schonberg disease) Genetically inherited disease which involves all bones[] Axial computed tomography images of the middle third of the leg bones shaft show periosteal and endosteal bone neoformation that lead to a medullary canal narrowing.[]

  • SAPHO Syndrome

    […] differential diagnosis in a patient with a curvilinear or semicircular pattern of vertebral involvement, contiguous vertebral body involvement, and absence of intervertebral disc edema[] Clinical images: Refractory SAPHO syndrome involving the mandible. Ornetti P, Pottecher P.[] Hyperostosis appears radiologically as osteosclerosis, with cortical thickening, narrowing of the medullary canal, and external surface of the bone appearing expanded, indistinct[]

  • Osteomyelitis of the Petrous Bone

    Note edema in surrounding bone marrow (*) & soft tissue (arrowheads). Nidus (*) extending to facet cartilage (arrows).[] When the mandible is involved, fever, local swelling, and necrotic gingivitis are common symptoms. Combined surgical and medical therapy is usually indicated.[] Diplopia is a result of abducent nerve paralysis caused by compression of the nerve when it passes through Dorelo's canal, owing to the edema present in the petrous apex region[]

  • Melorheostosis

    This disease is connected with contractures of soft tissues, limited motion, intermittent edemas of joints, limb deformities and especially algesia.[] We report 2 new cases of isolated melorheostosis involving the maxilla and mandible, together with differential diagnostic considerations.[] The lesions of the cortex are progressive and may result in narrowing of the medullary canal and stenosis of an adjacent lumen, foramen, or of the spinal canal.[]

  • Congenital Pseudoarthrosis of Clavicle

    Typically, there is localized pain over the fracture, with associated edema and crepitus.[] […] are the subcutaneous bones like mandible, tibia, ulna, ribs, scapula, femur 10.[] , sclerotic medullary canal Type III : Anterior bowing with a cystic lesion or pre fracture Type IV : Anterior bowing with a frank fracture and pseudarthrosis, usually involving[]

  • Schwartz-Lelek Syndrome

    […] in infancy and childhood Etiology A 330 Pulmonary edema or left heart failure in infancy and childhood Various entities B 331 Unilateral pulmonary edema 332 Pulmonary hemorrhage[] Infantile cortical hyperostosis is described under a separate heading because of the selective involvement of the mandible in this disease.[] , sclerotic medullary canal Type III: Anterior bowig with a cystic lesion or prefracture Type IV: Anterior bowing with a frank fracture and pseudarthrosis usually involving[]

  • Osteosclerosis

    […] premature ovarian insufficiency 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008209 3 increased bone mineral density 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0011001 4 edema[] Cranial nerve involvement in Van Buchem disease has also been described, most often affecting the facial nerve ( 2, 3 ).[] […] multicentric Castleman disease Signs and symptoms of POEMS syndrome Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy, Monoclonal gammopathy, Skin changes Occasional findings Edema[]

  • Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

    On MRI, perilesional edema was visualized in nearly all cases. Fluid-fluid levels were observed in one case. All lesions had the distinct histologic features of STABC.[] Maxilla involvement Confused with telangiectatic osteosarcoma Mandible involvement Sternum Spine Cervical spine Axis Scapula Acromion MC GROSS PATHOLOGY Bloody![] canal of a long bone or posterior elements of a vertebra ( Figure 1 ). 6 When ABC margins have a narrow zone of transition without a sclerotic margin, cortical loss, or extraosseous[]

  • Cartilaginous Exostosis

    MRI MRI is the best imaging modality to assess cartilage thickness (and thus assessing for malignant transformation), the presence of edema in bone or adjacent soft tissues[] , sclerotic medullary canal Type III: Anterior bowig with a cystic lesion or prefracture Type IV: Anterior bowing with a frank fracture and pseudarthrosis usually involving[] TYPICAL INVOLVEMENT • Spine lesions are typically located at the secondary ossification centres • Scapular involvement is seen at the 1. Inferior angle 2.[]

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