Create issue ticket

34 Possible Causes for Edema, Metabolic Encephalopathy, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypertension and pulmonary edema are manifestations of severe volume overload. The most dangerous form of volume overload is pulmonary edema.[clinicaladvisor.com] encephalopathy).[merckmanuals.com] Hypertension, pulmonary edema and peripheral edema are results of over-hydration. Water and salt excretion are thereby inextricably linked.[lecturio.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    The brain’s adaptive response to protect itself from edema occurs over several days.[emedicine.com] Arieff AI et al . (1995) Age, gender, and vasopressin affect survival and brain adaptation in rats with metabolic encephalopathy . Am J Physiol 268 : R1143–R1152 16.[nature.com] Bryan Young, Metabolic Encephalopathies, Disorders of Consciousness, 10.1016/S0072-9752(07)01707-1, (115-166), (2008).[doi.org]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    No lower extremity edema is present. Neurologic examination reveals no focal deficits.[clinicalgate.com] Tachypnoea Reduced vital capacity Respiratory failure CNS Lethargy Neuropathy Encephalopathy Seizures Coma Others Skeletal demineralization Table VI - Clinical manifestations[medbc.com] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk]

  • Graves Disease

    At autopsy the significant positive macroscopic findings were confined to the lungs (acute pulmonary edema) and thyroid (diffusely enlarged).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] INTRODUCTION: The presence of bilateral exophthalmos and palpebral, periorbital edema associated with hyperthyroidism is most often considered as an initial sign of Graves[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case presentation An 11-year-old girl presented with gastrointestinal symptoms while hypertension, edema and abdominal pain were noticed on clinical examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypocalcemia

    We describe the case of an 86-year-old woman with moderate renal failure, who presented pulmonary edema and severe myocardial dysfunction due to hypocalcemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other causes of toxic-metabolic encephalopathy should be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients presenting with tetany, particularly if the ionized calcium[endocrinologyadvisor.com] Hypercalcemia: Volume overload and pulmonary edema may develop with overly aggressive fluid management.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) displayed vasogenic edema at the bilateral posterior temporal and parieto-occipital lobes and cerebellum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When detected, brain scyllo-inositol takes part in a metabolic encephalopathy since it is associated with reduced N-acetylaspartate and increased creatine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] European workers 9 10 11 12 have described an acute muscular syndrome characterized by muscle aching, tenderness and edema in which hyperpotassemia, increased serum glutamic[nejm.org]

  • Hypoglycemia

    […] fatty acid concentrations, hypotonia, hepatomegaly with microvesicular fat accumulation, elevated plasma activities of both liver and muscle enzymes, and frequently cerebral edema[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] Patient improved with acute management of metabolic crisis, carnitine supplementation and corn starch therapy with reversal of encephalopathy, reduction in hepatomegaly, maintenance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ( E73 - E74 ) specific findings indicating disorder of lipid metabolism ( E75.- ) Use Additional code to identify any retained foreign body, if applicable ( Z18.- ) Encephalopathy[icd10data.com]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Edema, - P regnancy - P neumonia - P rogesterone - C irrhosis - Aspirin toxicity (early) BP BP Urine Cl Renin 20 Vomit: - Anorexia - Pyloric Stenosis - Hyperemesis gravid.[fprmed.com] This can be seen in the following settings: Acute intoxication with narcotics or other sedative medications Severe metabolic encephalopathy Obesity hypoventilation Severe[courses.washington.edu] , such as psychophysical stresses (anxiety, pain and fear), noxious drugs (analeptics, propanidid, salicylic acid), and pulmonary stimuli (embolism, pneumonia, asthma or edema[symptoma.com]

  • Vitamin Deficiency

    Deficiencies 260-269 Thiamine and niacin deficiency states 265- A disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin b1) and characterized by polyneuritis, cardiac pathology, and edema[icd9data.com] Severe acute metabolic acidosis and Wernicke's encephalopathy following chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin: case report and review of the literature.[ods.od.nih.gov] Nocturnal leg cramps are usually observed at night or when muscles are at rest. [ Read: Vitamin C Deficiency ] 9.[stylecraze.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    In this case report, an association of hypokalemia, edema, and thrombocytopenia that is developed due to the excessive intake of licorice is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia also is a contributory factor in the development of hepatic encephalopathy in the setting of cirrhosis.[emedicine.medscape.com] There is jugular venous distension, an S3 heart sound, and 2 lower extremity pitting edema.[step2.medbullets.com]

Similar symptoms