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37 Possible Causes for Edema, Mitral Valve Insufficiency, Pulsus Alternans

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[symptoma.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] Secondary changes in valve function, particularly the severity of mitral and tricuspid valve insufficiency, should be determined.[doi.org]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Other findings which are of importance include: cyanosis, clubbing, jugular venous distension, pulmonary edema, S 3 gallop, enlarged liver and peripheral edema.[symptoma.com] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart) will show a dilated left ventricle and atrium, with poor function and mitral valve insufficiency (leaking of the valve).[dpca.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    DIAGNOSIS: The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old woman presented with frank pulmonary edema and received a diagnosis of noncompaction cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[symptoma.com]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Among many cardiac imaging techniques, only cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computer tomography permit a direct detection of edema during acute myocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the mitral or tricuspid valve), a pericardial friction rub, and a displaced punctum maximum.[symptoma.com] BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic value of T2-mapping in acute myocarditis (ACM) and to define cut-off values for edema detection[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms of heart failure may include shortness of breath, fatigue, cough, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and edema.[aafp.org] […] pseudoaneurysm仮[性]心室瘤、仮性動脈瘤、偽[性]動脈瘤 pulmonary arteriostenosis 肺動脈狭窄症 pulmonary artery (PA) 肺動脈 pulmonary artery wedge pressure肺動脈毛細[血]管圧 pulmonary congestion肺うっ血 pulmonary edema[tokyo-med.ac.jp] […] severity of heart failure was quantified using the cardiovascular profile score (CVPS) ( Table 1 ) with 2 modifications to the original scoring system (replacement of “skin edema[heartfailure.onlinejacc.org]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    We report a case of a young female who developed flash pulmonary edema during parturition and was found to have abnormal rheumatic involvement of her aortic, mitral, and tricuspid[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Each patient previously had been operated for mitral stenosis; one patient had additional aortic valve replacement for aortic insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient finally died due to heart failure and acute pulmonary edema. Long standing RHD can lead to secondary AA amyloidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Secondary Cardiomyopathy

    Chest X-ray (Figure 1 ) showed bilateral patchy opacities representing pulmonary edema or possible hemorrhage.[bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com] There was no lower-extremity edema. The patient’s skin was dry and hot. Serum for investigations and blood cultures were obtained.[radcliffecardiology.com] Symptoms of heart failure may include shortness of breath, fatigue, cough, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and edema.[aafp.org]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Abstract An individual experiencing dyspnoea or syncope at high altitude is commonly diagnosed to have high-altitude pulmonary edema or cerebral edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: The majority of CMR exams in STEMI patients are performed outside the dynamic time window of early post-MI edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pseudoephedrine is a sympathomimetic α- and β-adrenergic receptor agonist that causes vasoconstriction and reduction in edema throughout the nasal passages.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    The man was bitten on the left index finger and subsequently developed localized edema followed by hypotension, chest pain, and altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include congestive heart failure, cardiogenic shock, acute mitral valve insufficiency (due to papillary muscle ischemia, infarction, or rupture), ventricular free wall[clinicaladvisor.com] […] product is limited and further studies need to be performed since serious problems could occur after heavy exposure such as loss of consciousness, laryngospasm, pulmonary edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heart Failure

    edema in patients who in fact have cardiogenic edema.[emedicine.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] We are reporting a unique case of acute aortic valve insufficiency as a first sign of endocarditis, detected early in a patient with the CardioMEMS device.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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