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109 Possible Causes for Edema, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypertension and pulmonary edema are manifestations of severe volume overload. The most dangerous form of volume overload is pulmonary edema.[clinicaladvisor.com] Hypertension, pulmonary edema and peripheral edema are results of over-hydration. Water and salt excretion are thereby inextricably linked.[lecturio.com] Edema. Puffiness or swelling around the eyes, arms, hands, and feet. Frequent urination. Foamy or bloody urine. Protein in the urine may cause it to foam significantly.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    The patient began to experience edema and pain in her left leg seven months previously.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] altitude cerebral edema), mainstream awareness regarding thrombotic conditions and their complications in mountain athletes is relatively low.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 36-year-old woman presented with pain and edema of the left leg.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyponatremia

    The brain’s adaptive response to protect itself from edema occurs over several days.[emedicine.com] She never regained consciousness and died of severe cerebral edema less than 24 hours later.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When extracellular osmolality decreases, water influx occurs in the brain resulting in cerebral edema.[emedicine.com]

  • Peripheral Vascular Disease

    , edematous (infectious) (pitting) (toxic) R60.9 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code R60.9 Edema, unspecified 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code Applicable To Fluid retention[icd10data.com] Additional conditions to consider are acute embolism, deep or superficial venous thrombosis, restless legs syndrome, systemic vasculitides, nocturnal leg cramps, muscle or[aafp.org] Edema is usually not present unless the patient has kept the leg immobile and in a dependent position to relieve pain.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

    The occurrence of the preceding features are not soley accounted for as symptoms primary to another medical or behavioral condition such as myalgia, venous stasis, leg edema[emedicine.com] Two common causes of pain or discomfort in legs are nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) and restless leg syndrome (RLS).[doi.org] Leg pain and discomfort are common complaints in any primary physician's clinic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    No lower extremity edema is present. Neurologic examination reveals no focal deficits.[clinicalgate.com] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk] The major complication of overly rapid correction is cerebral edema. To avoid this, the rate of increase of sodium should not exceed 0.5 mEq/L/hr.[musculoskeletalkey.com]

  • Third Trimester Pregnancy

    Eclampsia, or toxemia of pregnancy, is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by seizures associated with hypertension, edema, and proteinuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The causes are linked to some of the other symptoms of the third trimester: Pain and general discomfort Nocturnal fetal movement Leg cramps or restless leg syndrome Frequent[wehavekids.com] Edema Sluggish metabolism, often triggered by eating the wrong foods for your blood type, leads to an accumulation of extracellular water, which, in turn, causes edema.[familyeducation.com]

  • Osteoid Osteoma

    In this report, the first finding was bone marrow edema. Although our classic knowledge was that the edema follows the lesion, this report makes a difference.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] identified as having bone marrow edema resulting from causes other than osteoid osteoma (group 2).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sagittal IR images revealed bone marrow edema in the anterosuperior portion of the talus (‘talar neck’) with adjacent soft tissue edema (Fig. A).[jbsr.be]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) displayed vasogenic edema at the bilateral posterior temporal and parieto-occipital lobes and cerebellum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] European workers 9 10 11 12 have described an acute muscular syndrome characterized by muscle aching, tenderness and edema in which hyperpotassemia, increased serum glutamic[nejm.org] This simple and harmless operation corrects the edema of the brain.[eskimo.com]

  • Hypoglycemia

    […] fatty acid concentrations, hypotonia, hepatomegaly with microvesicular fat accumulation, elevated plasma activities of both liver and muscle enzymes, and frequently cerebral edema[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu]

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