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9,255 Possible Causes for Edema, Nocturnal Leg Cramp, Non Specific ST-T Changes

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypertension and pulmonary edema are manifestations of severe volume overload. The most dangerous form of volume overload is pulmonary edema.[clinicaladvisor.com] Hypertension, pulmonary edema and peripheral edema are results of over-hydration. Water and salt excretion are thereby inextricably linked.[lecturio.com] Edema. Puffiness or swelling around the eyes, arms, hands, and feet. Frequent urination. Foamy or bloody urine. Protein in the urine may cause it to foam significantly.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) displayed vasogenic edema at the bilateral posterior temporal and parieto-occipital lobes and cerebellum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] European workers 9 10 11 12 have described an acute muscular syndrome characterized by muscle aching, tenderness and edema in which hyperpotassemia, increased serum glutamic[nejm.org] This simple and harmless operation corrects the edema of the brain.[eskimo.com]

  • Hypoglycemia

    […] fatty acid concentrations, hypotonia, hepatomegaly with microvesicular fat accumulation, elevated plasma activities of both liver and muscle enzymes, and frequently cerebral edema[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu]

  • Graves Disease

    At autopsy the significant positive macroscopic findings were confined to the lungs (acute pulmonary edema) and thyroid (diffusely enlarged).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] INTRODUCTION: The presence of bilateral exophthalmos and palpebral, periorbital edema associated with hyperthyroidism is most often considered as an initial sign of Graves[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case presentation An 11-year-old girl presented with gastrointestinal symptoms while hypertension, edema and abdominal pain were noticed on clinical examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    In this study, we present a case of a rapidly progressing fatal HAI (high-altitude cerebral edema and pulmonary edema) in a patient with hyperthyroidism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical findings specific to Graves disease include thyroid ophthalmopathy (periorbital edema, chemosis [conjunctival edema], injection, or proptosis) and, rarely, dermopathy[emedicine.com] The autopsy examination showed cerebral and pulmonary edema, and right ventricular enlargement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypokalemia

    In this case report, an association of hypokalemia, edema, and thrombocytopenia that is developed due to the excessive intake of licorice is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There is jugular venous distension, an S3 heart sound, and 2 lower extremity pitting edema.[step2.medbullets.com] Hyperaldosteronism Associations : Elevated blood pressure /- moon facies or edema /- hypernatremia Pathophysiology : Excess mineralocorticoid activity of aldosterone results[ebmconsult.com]

  • Hypocalcemia

    We describe the case of an 86-year-old woman with moderate renal failure, who presented pulmonary edema and severe myocardial dysfunction due to hypocalcemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypercalcemia: Volume overload and pulmonary edema may develop with overly aggressive fluid management.[clinicaladvisor.com] There may be edema in the surgical field resulting in hypocalcemia due to the surgery itself, which may remit as the swelling subsides.[web.archive.org]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    This rare case suggests a potential role of magnesium in stabilizing the vascular endothelium and, when deficient, in contributing to cerebral edema of the posterior circulation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] .  Changes in electrocardiogram are non specific like prolongation of conduction and slight ST depression, Nonspecific T-wave changes, U waves may b seen, Prolonged QT and[slideshare.net] Additionally, it has been proposed that Mg 2 deficiency increases the release of substance P in TBI, resulting in neuronal cell death and edema ( 539 ).[doi.org]

  • Hypertension

    While mild lower extremity edema is common in normal pregnancy, rapidly increasing or nondependent edema may be a signal of developing preeclampsia.[web.archive.org] Mild lower extremity edema is common in normal pregnancy, but rapidly increasing or nondependent edema may be a signal of developing preeclampsia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Types of end-organ damage associated with hypertensive emergencies include cerebral infarction (24%), acute pulmonary edema (23%) and hypertensive encephalopathy (16%), as[doi.org]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Cardiomyopathy

    DIAGNOSIS: The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old woman presented with frank pulmonary edema and received a diagnosis of noncompaction cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Multiple sclerosis is increasingly being recognized in association with cardiovascular dysfunction, which can manifest with cardiomyopathy, pulmonary edema (Kaplan et al.,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp

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