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25 Possible Causes for Edema, Nocturnal Leg Cramp, Stupor

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypertension and pulmonary edema are manifestations of severe volume overload. The most dangerous form of volume overload is pulmonary edema.[] Hypertension, pulmonary edema and peripheral edema are results of over-hydration. Water and salt excretion are thereby inextricably linked.[] Edema. Puffiness or swelling around the eyes, arms, hands, and feet. Frequent urination. Foamy or bloody urine. Protein in the urine may cause it to foam significantly.[]

  • Hyponatremia

    People may become unresponsive, aroused only by vigorous stimulation (stupor), and eventually cannot be aroused (coma). Death may follow.[] The brain’s adaptive response to protect itself from edema occurs over several days.[] As the serum sodium falls to 115 mEq/L, stupor, neuromuscular hyperexcitability, hyperreflexia, seizures, coma, and death can result.[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Acute alcoholism is temporary and results in depression of the higher nerve cells, resulting in lack of coordination, impaired motor control, stupor, dehydration and nausea[] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) displayed vasogenic edema at the bilateral posterior temporal and parieto-occipital lobes and cerebellum.[] But always the first drink started me on the road to insensibility and stupor. All that was needed was one drink and a cigarette.[]

  • Hypoglycemia

    If untreated, it can progress to stupor, coma and, exceptionally, death.[] […] fatty acid concentrations, hypotonia, hepatomegaly with microvesicular fat accumulation, elevated plasma activities of both liver and muscle enzymes, and frequently cerebral edema[] […] automatism Difficulty speaking, slurred speech Ataxia, incoordination, sometimes mistaken for drunkenness Focal or general motor deficit, paralysis, hemiparesis Headache Stupor[]

  • Insulinoma

    If untreated, it can progress to stupor, coma and, exceptionally, death.[] […] due to water retention. 15 Fluid retention is dose-dependent and may appear after a few days of treatment. 10 Edema can be attenuated by thiazide diuretics as, apart from[] MEN1 ICD coding ICD-10: D37.8 - pancreatic neoplasm of uncertain behavior Sites Pancreas, more common in head Clinical features Whipple triad: symptoms of hypoglycemia (stupor[]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    […] hypomagnesemia (Mg Hypercalcemia – defined as 10.3 mg/dL (serum) or 1.30 mmol/L (ionized) Symptoms 10.3-12 mg/dL – stones, bones, psychic moans, and abdominal groans 12 mg/dL – stupor[] No lower extremity edema is present. Neurologic examination reveals no focal deficits.[] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    Late in the progression of disease, patients may become stuporous or comatose with hypotension. For more information, see Medscape's Thyroid Disease Resource Center.[] In this study, we present a case of a rapidly progressing fatal HAI (high-altitude cerebral edema and pulmonary edema) in a patient with hyperthyroidism.[] […] thyroid storm have been defined ( Table 5 ) ( 21 ) and include tachycardia, arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, hypotension, hyperpyrexia, agitation, delirium, psychosis, stupor[]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Symptoms of alkalosis can include any of the following: Confusion (can progress to stupor or coma) Hand tremor Lightheadedness Muscle twitching Nausea, vomiting Numbness or[] Edema, - P regnancy - P neumonia - P rogesterone - C irrhosis - Aspirin toxicity (early) BP BP Urine Cl Renin 20 Vomit: - Anorexia - Pyloric Stenosis - Hyperemesis gravid.[] […] carbonic acid(1) results in slow respirations so that CO2 is retained Acidosis(1) symptoms (a) CNS depression (b) errors in judgment (c) disorientation (d) drowsiness (e) stupor[]

  • Hypokalemia

    […] insufficiency euvolemic hyponatremia psychogenic polydipsia hypothyroidism syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone (SIADH) diuretic use ACE inhibitors Presentation stupor[] In this case report, an association of hypokalemia, edema, and thrombocytopenia that is developed due to the excessive intake of licorice is presented.[] Hyperaldosteronism Associations : Elevated blood pressure /- moon facies or edema /- hypernatremia Pathophysiology : Excess mineralocorticoid activity of aldosterone results[]

  • Lyme Meningoencephalitis

    Patients with acute viral encephalitis may have meningeal signs but patients are more encephalopathic (sleepy, stuporous, not thinking clearly). 25-18.[] […] sinus stuffiness: Painful weak grip that may let go:, Thumb pain and tingling numbness, Weak ankles: Lax, pendulous abdomen, Upper/lower leg cramps, Tight Achilles tendons[] In histophilosis of cattle, the nervous signs tend to be peracute, with sudden collapse and profound depression of consciousness (stupor or coma); fever and limb stiffness[]

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