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40 Possible Causes for Edema, Pulsus Alternans, Rales

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[symptoma.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] No rales were detected because of its paucity of fibrous components in the lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heart Failure

    edema in patients who in fact have cardiogenic edema.[emedicine.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] […] because of an inherited or acquired abnormality of cardiac structure and/or function, develop a constellation of clinical symptoms (dyspnea and fatigue) and signs (edema and rales[web.archive.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    DIAGNOSIS: The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pulmonary auscultation showed bilateral rales and wheezing. Arterial gasometry revealed chronic respiratory alkalosis and oxygen saturation of 95%.[scielo.mec.pt] Multiple sclerosis is increasingly being recognized in association with cardiovascular dysfunction, which can manifest with cardiomyopathy, pulmonary edema (Kaplan et al.,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Pulmonary edema from different causes can either present acutely or chronically.[symptoma.com] However, the patient had no sputum or moist rales, and supplemental oxygen and intravenous aminophylline produced no improvement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the patient developed pink frothy sputum with diffuse bilateral rales 30 min later after transported to surgical intensive care unit (SICU).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Among many cardiac imaging techniques, only cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computer tomography permit a direct detection of edema during acute myocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The arterial pressure was 89x56 and MAP of 67 mmHg, there was a gallop rhythm with rales in both lung fields.[scielo.br] Physical exam will look like congestive heart failure, with jugular venous distention, pulmonary rales, peripheral edema, pulsatile liver, and perhaps a laterally displaced[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    We report a case of a young female who developed flash pulmonary edema during parturition and was found to have abnormal rheumatic involvement of her aortic, mitral, and tricuspid[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examination Physical examination findings include inflamed joints, subcutaneous nodules, a pericardial friction rub, findings of congestive heart failure (edema, pulmonary rales[healio.com] The patient finally died due to heart failure and acute pulmonary edema. Long standing RHD can lead to secondary AA amyloidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Abstract An individual experiencing dyspnoea or syncope at high altitude is commonly diagnosed to have high-altitude pulmonary edema or cerebral edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There may be signs of congestive heart failure, including pulmonary rales, peripheral oedema, elevated jugular venous pressure.[patient.info] Chest Rales or wheezes may be auscultated; these occur secondary to pulmonary venous hypertension, which is associated with extensive acute left ventricular MI.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    The man was bitten on the left index finger and subsequently developed localized edema followed by hypotension, chest pain, and altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This patient had a clear history of carbon monoxide poisoning, acute respiratory distress, bilateral lung dry and moist rale, chest X-ray showed bilateral pulmonary edema,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] product is limited and further studies need to be performed since serious problems could occur after heavy exposure such as loss of consciousness, laryngospasm, pulmonary edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypersensitivity Myocarditis

    Luke's Medical Center with a 1-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and dependent edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Luke’s Medical Center with a 1-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and dependent edema.[amphetamines.com] There was enlargement and tenderness of the liver, a positive hepatojugular reflux, bilateral rales, and an S 3 gallop with no murmurs.[nejm.org]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    We report a case of 14-year-old girl who presented with dyspnea, bipedal edema, loss of weight, and easy fatigability for three months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org]

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