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23 Possible Causes for Edema, Pulsus Alternans, Summation Gallop

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[symptoma.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] alternans Increased intensity of P 2 heart sound Hepatojugular reflux Ascites, hepatomegaly, and/or anasarca Central or peripheral cyanosis, pallor See Presentation for more[emedicine.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    DIAGNOSIS: The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old woman presented with frank pulmonary edema and received a diagnosis of noncompaction cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Multiple sclerosis is increasingly being recognized in association with cardiovascular dysfunction, which can manifest with cardiomyopathy, pulmonary edema (Kaplan et al.,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Pulmonary edema from different causes can either present acutely or chronically.[symptoma.com] Noisy respiratory efforts often make cardiac auscultation difficult; a summation gallop—merger of 3rd (S 3 ) and 4th (S 4 ) heart sounds—may be present.[merckmanuals.com] (FPE), is rapid onset pulmonary edema.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Other findings which are of importance include: cyanosis, clubbing, jugular venous distension, pulmonary edema, S 3 gallop, enlarged liver and peripheral edema.[symptoma.com] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of 14-year-old girl who presented with dyspnea, bipedal edema, loss of weight, and easy fatigability for three months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Among many cardiac imaging techniques, only cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computer tomography permit a direct detection of edema during acute myocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic value of T2-mapping in acute myocarditis (ACM) and to define cut-off values for edema detection[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract To quantify myocardial edema by using a T2 relaxometry approach with a dual-contrast turbo spin-echo (dcTSE) sequence in patients with acute myocarditis regarding[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    […] in the lower extremities Rapid weight gain A common symptom of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy is edema in the lower extremities.[study.com] Signs include congestive heart failure, angina edema, weight gain and fainting, among others.[en.wikipedia.org] Gross edema and ascites occur much later, undoubtedly owing to the convergence of a number of factors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    We describe a patient with pancytopenia, jaundice, and diffuse edema after a distal splenorenal shunt. His shunt was angiographically proved patent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Leg elevation promptly reversed the pulsus alternans, and the echocardiographic abnormality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Also observed were interstitial edema, an enlarged cardiomyocyte-capillary space, thinning of the capillary walls, flattening of the endothelium and a plethora and aggregation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms of heart failure may include shortness of breath, fatigue, cough, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and edema.[aafp.org] […] pseudoaneurysm仮[性]心室瘤、仮性動脈瘤、偽[性]動脈瘤 pulmonary arteriostenosis 肺動脈狭窄症 pulmonary artery (PA) 肺動脈 pulmonary artery wedge pressure肺動脈毛細[血]管圧 pulmonary congestion肺うっ血 pulmonary edema[tokyo-med.ac.jp] […] severity of heart failure was quantified using the cardiovascular profile score (CVPS) ( Table 1 ) with 2 modifications to the original scoring system (replacement of “skin edema[heartfailure.onlinejacc.org]

  • Viral Myocarditis

    The overall agreement between CMR criteria for edema and viral PCR was 84%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was managed conservatively with intravenous hydration and developed acute pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, extensive ST-segment elevations in the electrocardiogram appeared with a positive troponin test, and the patient developed pulmonary edema on day 3.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    We report a case of a young female who developed flash pulmonary edema during parturition and was found to have abnormal rheumatic involvement of her aortic, mitral, and tricuspid[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient finally died due to heart failure and acute pulmonary edema. Long standing RHD can lead to secondary AA amyloidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Plain radiograph pericardial calcification pulmonary edema pulmonary ossification : due to mitral valve disease 4 cardiomegaly global cardiomegaly from a dilated cardiomyopathy[radiopaedia.org]

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