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171 Possible Causes for Edema, S3 Gallop

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  • Chagas Disease

    Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed a right temporoparietal mass lesion with surrounding edema.[] Cardiovascular exam reveals an elevated JVD, displaced PMI, S3 gallop with a holosystolic murmur radiating to the axillae, and pitting edema of both ankles.[] Clinicians should give due attention to such signs as uni- or bilateral palpebral edema, cardiac failure, myocarditis, pericarditis, anasarca and atypical signs of nephrotic[]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Among many cardiac imaging techniques, only cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computer tomography permit a direct detection of edema during acute myocarditis.[] The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[] Overall, topographic concordance between the location of TWI across the ECG leads and the regional distribution of transmural myocardial edema was 88%.[]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    A 22-year-old woman in the 26th week of gestation was admitted with acute pulmonary edema.[] Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[] This report describes the presentation and anesthetic management of a parturient who was admitted with a diagnosis of severe preeclampsia in whom pulmonary edema and heart[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[] Physical examination reveals an S3 gallop, 2 peripheral pitting edema, and marked jugular venous distention.[] […] mass; low-output backward CHF–pulmonary congestion–fluids accumulate in lungs, causing dyspnea, initially only on exertion; also seen, peripheral and pedal edema, rales, S3[]

  • Giant Cell Myocarditis

    […] antibiotic therapy for the treatment of traumatic wound of a finger, she presented to the emergency room with a hypersensitivity reaction characterized by facial rash with edema[] Patient was tachycardic with normal S1, S2, an audible S3 gallop, and no murmurs. Extremities were warm and well perfused.[] Chest x-ray showed acute pulmonary edema.[]

  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    Common ADRs ( 2%) included anemia (4.6%), peripheral edema (4.1%), headache (3.6%), edema and face edema (2.6% each), abnormal hepatic function (2.3%), and epistaxis (2.1%[] gallop Other findings may include hepatomegaly with palpable pulsations of the liver and an abnormal abdominal-jugular reflex.[] There is a risk of pulmonary edema in patients with pulmonary venous involvement or fibrosing mediastinitis when treated with PAH therapies.[]

  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    In the examination, mild hepatomegaly with ascites and peripheral edema was seen. Primary laboratory evaluations were normal.[] .  Prominent S3 gallop may be present.  Secondary tricuspid regurgitation with its characteristic murmur.  Abdominal examination reveals hepatomegaly, often with palpable[] The patients experienced dyspnea with bilateral lower-limb edema and pleural effusion, suggesting right cardiac dysfunction.[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[] Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[] A 55-year-old woman presented with frank pulmonary edema and received a diagnosis of noncompaction cardiomyopathy.[]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Detailed hemodynamic, metabolic and blood volume studies were performed in a patient with hydatidiform mole who developed pulmonary edema associated with a high cardiac output[] Physical examination reveals an S3 gallop, hepatomegaly, warm skin and a continuous bruit over the right upper thigh.[] [S3] Bilateral Crepitations Cardiomegaly on CXR Cachexia [dec. appetite, weight loss, lethargy, muscle atrophy] Hepatic Tenderness Dyspnea due to pulmonary edema and respiratory[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Pulmonary edema from different causes can either present acutely or chronically.[] Distinguishing Cardiogenic from Non-cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema  Finding suggesting cardiogenic edema -S3 gallop -elevated JVP -Peripheral edema  Findings suggesting non-cardiogenic[] An third heart sound (S3) gallop is frequently present.[]

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