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14 Possible Causes for Edema of Lower Extremity, Localized Edema, Tracheal Injury

  • Angioedema

    A general term for a vascular reaction of the deep dermis, subcutaneous or submucosal tissues, which corresponds to localized edema 2º to vasodilation and capillary permeability[] The patient with a gun-shot wound to the jaw, the tracheal crush injury, the diabetic with Ludwig’s, and the case of severe angioedema all occur regularly in the airway nightmares[] (NICHD) Definition (MSH) Swelling involving the deep DERMIS, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues, representing localized EDEMA.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[] Two weeks later, her shortness of breath, orthopnea, and lower extremity edema resolved and furosemide was discontinued.[]

  • Pulmonary Contusion

    A small and localized injury to the lung leads to generalized edema in surrounding lung and even in the opposite lung.[] Tracheal Injury—Injured Windpipe The first step in address blunt tracheal injuries is to assess and stabilize the victim’s airway, breathing, and circulation.[] They may have pulmonary edema ("rales" or "crackles") as well as lower extremity edema depending upon the extent of the contusion.[]

  • Laryngeal Stridor

    Differential diagnosis includes bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (BRLNP), local hematoma, vocal cord edema and laryngeal trauma.[] The difficulty in defining the relationship between laryngo-tracheal injury and post-extubation stridor is that the presence of the endotracheal tube precludes direct visualisation[] There was puffiness of the face and generalized non pitting edema in the pretibial region of lower extremities.[]

  • Brain Contusion

    Edema can generate local pressure that can compromise both arterial and venous cerebral blood flow, causing ischemia and more edema.[] His pupils did not respond to light, his eyelids did not blink when his eye was touched with sterile cotton, he did not have a gag or cough reflex in response to tracheal[] The back and forth motion of the head during shaking applies great stress to the craniocervical junction and the lower brainstem.[]

  • Tracheomalacia

    […] nerve palsies, laryngeal edema and tracheomalacia.[] Flaccidity of the trachea , due to injury or congenital defect, such that the tracheal passageway fails to stay open at its normal diameter, especially during inspiration[] The patient had a regular heart rhythm and no edema was observed in the lower extremities.[]

  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    The imaging features are thus consistent with cytotoxic edema, localized in those areas.[] […] carbon monoxide poisoning, high altitudes, choking, tracheal compression, complications of anesthesia, paralysis of respiratory muscles, and respiratory failure.[] […] weight loss, fatigue, hepatitis C virus infection, human immunodeficiency virus infection, hematuria, foamy urine, cough, sinusitis, hemoptysis Periorbital, sacral, and lower-extremity[]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    […] trauma to the spinal cord results in vascular disruption that, in turn, causes blood-spinal cord barrier rupture leading to hemorrhage and ischemia, followed by rampant local[] Bradycardia is common soon after injury and usually resolves after several weeks.[] Two studies [ 16, 24 ] reported some lower extremity edema due to prolonged standing.[]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    As acute fractures will cause bleeding and edema increasing the local water content, MRI can be very helpful by showing the bone marrow as low signal on T1W images and high[] […] followed tracheal intubation, discuss the reasons for their occurrence, and briefly review the care of patients with possible cervical spine injuries.[] CONCLUSIONS: It is unclear from the results of this study whether TES has a therapeutic effect on TPM, edema or the upper-extremity motor score of the ISNCSCI.[]

  • Exfoliative Dermatitis

    It was also associated with facial and pedal edema.[] The skin rashes spread and ulcerated after 3 days, and were associated with tracheal mucosal injury and hemoptysis.[] Frequently, there is dependent edema especially in the lower extremities.[]