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11,213 Possible Causes for effects

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    […] size and 0.45 for his medium effect size (x).[] This placebo effect may be related to generation of central neurotransmitters such as endogenous opioids.[] Studies depicting Echinacea's effect on URI symptoms and QoL are contradictory.[]

  • Influenza

    Testing strategies are more costly and less effective when the influenza probability is 30%.[] The efficacy, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of inactivated influenza virus vaccines. Vaccine 2003; 21 (16): 1769–75 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 30.[] In elderly patients, amantadine is favored over rimantadine if the utility of medication side effects is0.94.[]

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    However, it is not clear if they are really effective.[] Overall, ciprofloxacin and gatifloxacin appeared the most effective treatments, and amoxicillin-clavulanate appeared the least effective treatment.[] Limited evidence from clinical trials that vary in design suggests that cranberry, in juice or supplement form, does not seem to be effective in preventing or treating UTIs[]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    Their use should be weighed against the cost and potential adverse effects for treatment of a self-limiting disease.[] DESIGN: We conducted a clinical trial-based cost-effectiveness analysis comparing UC, PDS and CDS for management of acute bronchitis.[] The therapeutic effects of the treatments were evaluated on the tenth day.[]

  • Osteoporosis

    Conclusions • Cyplexinol may effectively manage BMD loss experienced during osteoporosis, though more studies are warranted with larger samples to replicate these findings[] […] health care costs and to evaluate the economic effects of fracture prevention through medication adherence among osteoporosis patients.Using the Korea National Health Insurance[] Data from the individual studies were pooled using random or fixed effect models based on heterogeneity.[]

  • Dementia

    In this review, the protective effects of fermented dairy products and their components on cognitive function, the mechanisms underlying those effects, and the prospects for[] Both cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine had consistent effects in the domains of cognition and global assessment, but summary estimates showed small effect sizes.[] , research into the effectiveness of respite care is rare.[]

  • Insect Bite

    [email protected] Abstract Horses with insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) have difficulty in completely avoiding allergens, so effective treatment options are required[] A natural option for an effective insect repellent is cinnamon leaf oil.[] […] of hornet sting Toxic effect of jellyfish sting Toxic effect of millipede Toxic effect of rattlesnake bite Toxic effect of reptile Toxic effect of scorpion bite Toxic effect[]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Abstract Local rectal application of tacrolimus in distal colitis, pouchitis and perianal Crohn's disease has previously been reported to be both effective and safe.[] CONCLUSION: In a period of increasing popularity of self-medical therapy for common children's diseases, paediatricians should be aware of the potential, rare and chronic effects[] Oral rehydration therapy remains the best means of rehydrating, and ondansetron is a safe and effective adjunct to help children with persistent vomiting.[]

  • Otitis Media

    When feasible, random effects network meta-analyses were performed.[] The goal of this study was to synthesize evidence for the effectiveness of tympanostomy tubes in children with chronic otitis media with effusion and recurrent acute otitis[] The incremental cost effectiveness ratio for ET versus that of MT was NT 3703 per QALY.[]

  • Sinusitis

    Quality of Supporting Evidence (Examples) Implications Strong recommendation, high-quality evidence Desirable effects clearly outweigh undesirable effects, or vice versa[] Our continuous outcome measures are more sensitive to detect any clinically useful effects (SD of 0.4; ie, a small effect size).[] Weak recommendation, high-quality evidence Desirable effects closely balanced with undesirable effects Consistent evidence from well-performed RCTs or exceptionally strong[]

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