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21 Possible Causes for Electrocardiogram Change, Pulsus Alternans, S4 Gallop

  • Cardiomyopathy

    The electrocardiogram pattern significantly changed with time, and the echocardiogram showed weakness of wall motion around the left ventricular apex.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] gallop due to thickened, non-compliant ventricle Possible murmur from mitral regurgitation Rapidly rising double arterial pulse in the carotid arteries ECG Abnormally deep[amboss.com] Changes on your heart tracing (electrocardiogram, or ECG) - this is a tracing of the electrical activity of the heart. Changes on your chest X-ray.[patient.info]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    A case was diagnosed as AMI if two out of the three criteria (clinical symptoms, electrocardiogram changes and raised enzyme levels) were positive.[oadoi.org] Heart sounds are auscultated for S3 or S4 gallops or new heart murmurs. Patient care and other activities should be organized to allow for periods on uninterrupted rest.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] , electrocardiogram changes indicative of ischemia (ST segment elevation or depression), or coronary artery intervention (e.g., coronary angioplasty); or (2) pathologic findings[doi.org]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    But it was difficult to differentiate those two diseases because the TC-like findings; such as the electrocardiogram (ECG) changes and left ventricular wall motion abnormality[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All patients had clinically significant electrocardiogram changes and significant myocardial injury, which can explain the increased AUC of hs-cTnT (0.97).[clinchem.aaccjnls.org] (ECG or EKG) – a test that looks at the heart's electrical activity and rhythm; the diagnosis of a heart attack may be made by changes seen on an electrocardiogram and by[labtestsonline.org]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    (ECG) [2] ECG changes are often nonspecific.[explainmedicine.com] The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[symptoma.com] Case Presentation: A 38-year-old female was presenting with chest pain and an increased level of troponins with the EKG (electrocardiogram) showing non-specific T-wave changes[jmmcr.microbiologyresearch.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Treatment might involve medicines, surgery, other medical procedures, and lifestyle changes.[icdlist.com] Electrocardiogram A normal ECG is not conclusive in the diagnosis of congestive heart failure. Changing ECG profiles are commonly observed in suspected HF cases.[symptoma.com] Your doctor may treat your cardiomyopathy by suggesting lifestyle changes, medications or surgery.[heartandstroke.ca]

  • Fungal Myocarditis

    The following ways are used to diagnose myocarditis: [5] Electrocardiogram- Identifies nonspecific T-wave changes.[en.wikibooks.org] Heart sounds - soft S1 or S4 gallop rhythm. Signs of heart failure. Aetiology Infection Viral infection is the most common cause of acute myocarditis [ 2 ].[patient.info] Once heart dysfunction sets in, signs of cardiac failure may manifest, such as pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs), peripheral oedema, hypoxemia, pulsus alternans[medindia.net]

  • Heart Failure

    Acute cerebral injuries, such as cerebral ischemic or hemorrhagic events, have been repeatedly correlated with sudden electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, such as cardiac arrhythmias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiac palpation and auscultation for ventricular and atrial gallop rhythms (S3, S4) should be performed.[doi.org] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Changes on your heart tracing (electrocardiogram, or ECG) - this is a tracing of the electrical activity of the heart. Changes on your chest X-ray .[patient.info] He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atrial Flutter

    After the procedure, the chest pain was getting worse, and the electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in inferior leads with reciprocal changes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orchard and Cingolani ( 14 ) described how arrhythmogenic consequences of acidosis such as re-entry, pulsus alternans, and early/delayed after-depolarizations may provoke[clinical.diabetesjournals.org] The first cycle (return) after stimulation is the same as the spontaneous cycles of atrial flutter in both cases and there is no observable change in morphology on electrocardiogram[revespcardiol.org]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    (ECG) [2] ECG changes are often nonspecific.[explainmedicine.com] Heart sounds - soft S1 or S4 gallop rhythm. Signs of heart failure. Aetiology Infection Viral infection is the most common cause of acute myocarditis [ 2 ].[patient.info] Cardiogenic shock in fulminant cases Auscultation findings Brief systolic murmurs Heart failure S3 (and S4) gallops Pericarditis pericardial friction rub The clinical manifestation[amboss.com]