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124 Possible Causes for Elevated Sedimentation Rate, Localized Edema, Necrotizing Fasciitis

  • Cellulitis

    Physical Assessment  Local symptoms:  Erythema and edema of area  Warm to touch,  Possibly fluctuant (tense, firm to palpation)  May resemble peau d’orange  Advancing[] There is no consensus regarding approaches to infantile group B streptococcal (GBS) head and neck cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis.[] […] erythrocyte sedimentation rate, elevated C-reactive protein Skin surface swab, blood cultures, cutaneous aspirates are NOT routinely recommended Recommended ONLY if malignancy[]

  • Necrotizing Fasciitis

    Via infection, local inflammatory processes produce increased amounts of purulence, local edema, and eventually necrosis in the deep tissues, leading to pain out of proportion[] Hyperbaric oxygen therapy has also shown good results in the management of necrotizing fasciitis.[] The process begins as local cellulitis, with erythema, edema, pain, and marked tenderness.[]

  • Subcutaneous Abscess

    […] swelling and a positive indication is obtained by needle puncture. subcutaneous edema accumulation of edema in subcutaneous tissues, usually of the dependent parts.[] This case resembled Fournier's gangrene, an infective necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, genital or perianal regions.[] A subcutaneous abscess is a manifestation of a spectrum of soft tissue skin infection which includes cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis .[]

  • Osteomyelitis

    Local pain, swelling, erythema, and edema may also be reported. [2] Physical Examination On physical examination, scars or local disturbance of wound healing may be noted[] Surgery (which should be limb-sparing when possible) is always required for DFO accompanied by necrotizing fasciitis, deep abscess, gangrene or in cases not responding (either[] Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). ,, It may be elevated in non-infectious forms of inflammation ( arthritis etc.).[]

  • Erysipelas

    Local signs of inflammation warmth, edema, tenderness are universal. 18.[] However, potential complications include abscess formation, necrotizing fasciitis, septicemia, recurrent infection, and lymphedema.[] The most common manifestation of erysipelas was local symptoms and signs (pain, erythema, and swelling) in all patients, together with elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate[]

  • Anterior Compartment Syndrome

    Several theories exist regarding the initial events that occur after trauma, but vessel injury leads to extravasation of blood into the interstitium, leading to edema.[] Some reduction in the local AV gradient can be compensated for by changes in local vascular resistance (autoregulation).[] Continuous pooling of blood and fluid in the interstitium occurs because of increased capillary permeability as well, since it is stimulated by sudden oxygen deprivation of local[]

  • Parapharyngeal Abscess

    Elevated white blood cells and sedimentation rate and serum amylase or urine diastase are generally seen in suppurative parotitis.[] […] inflammation and edema under the condition of systemic vasculitis, it will be absorbed and disappear when systemic vasculitis is controlled by IVIG and aspirin.[] In 1952, Wilson first used the term “necrotizing fasciitis” 9 .[]

  • Eosinophilic Fasciitis

    Peripheral blood eosinophilia was noted in 33 of 52 patients, hypergammaglobulinemia was noted in 17 of 49, and elevated sedimentation rate was noted in 15 of 52.[] Clinical features begin acutely, with local edema and a painful and symmetrical stiffening of the limbs, progressing rapidly to fibrosis, which can limit joint movements.[] Eosinophilic fasciitis should be considered in the setting of acute claw hand and physical examination findings consistent with necrotizing fasciitis in which no infection[]

  • Scrotal Abscess

    There is also a localized fluid collection (straight arrow) in the subcutaneous tissue. 1. Hidradenitis suppurativa.[] Photomicrograph of Fournier gangrene (necrotizing fasciitis), oil immersion at 1000X magnification. Note the acute inflammatory cells in the necrotic tissue.[] Keywords- scrotal abscess, necrotizing fasciitis, Fournier’s gangrene, drain. References 1. Beauchamp CM, Ever BM, Mattox KL.[]

  • Chronic Pyogenic Osteomyelitis

    The patient may complain of local pain, swelling, erythema, and edema may also be reported.[] Major cause is Streptococcus pyogenes; deep tissue cultures needed for definitive dx Necrotizing fasciitis S/s Pain out of proportion to presentation; purple skin color; bullae[] Laboratory studies may reveal peripheral leukocytosis and an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).[]