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1,348 Possible Causes for Encephalocele

  • Cystic Kidney Disease

    Keywords: Meckel-Gruber syndrome, occipital encephalocele, polycystic kidney, polydactyly How to cite this article: Panduranga C, Kangle R, Badami R, Patil PV.[ruralneuropractice.com] TAS showing fetal femur and an encephalocele. Fig. 3. TAS showing an encephalocele. References Synd, whonamedit, A dictionary of medical eponyms, online in 16/10/2016.[article.sciencepublishinggroup.com] Figure 1: Case I showing encephalocele ( à ) and polydactyly (*) Figure 2: Case II showing encephalocele («), ambiguous genitilia(*) and polydactyly ( à ) Case Presentation[npplweb.com]

  • Liquorrhoea

    The encephalocele was extirpated via an intracranial approach, and its histological appearance is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Summary A 46-year-old woman was readmitted, two years after removal of a large convexity meningioma, because of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea from a nasal encephalocele[link.springer.com] MRI exceeds CT scans in detecting encephalocele (hernial protrusion of the brain in the skull defect clearance).[minclinic.ru]

  • Frontonasal Dysplasia

    The hypertelorism was prominent due to the encephalocele.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe a girl with a phenotype characterized by frontonasal dysplasia, callosal agenesis, basal encephalocele, and eye anomalies who presents a 46,XX,r(21) karyotype.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ptosis Sphenoethmoidal encephalocele ACC Normal development Short stature 46,XX,r(21) 7 M 1 y 2 m Midline CL miopia Sphenoethmoidal encephalocele ACC Mild developmental delay[medsci.org]

  • Encephalocele

    Giant occipitocervical encephalocele. J Neurosci Rural Pract 2018;9:414-6 encephaloceles at NINDS[en.wikipedia.org] The most common location of encephalocele is in the midline occipital area. The presentation of encephalocele varies, depending on the defect location and size.[symptoma.com] Occurrence of more than one Encephalocele in a patient is very rare and very few cases of double encephalocele are reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cranial Meningocele

    Encephaloceles can be classified based on location. Occipital encephaloceles present as masses overlying the occiput or posterior neck.[dermatologyadvisor.com] The severity of encephalocele varies, depending on its location. encephaloceles at NINDS[en.wikipedia.org] In one example of a fatal encephalocele, the encephalocele herniated through the clivus into the oropharynx.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Meckel Syndrome

    The pathologic reports revealed type I polycystic kidney, bile duct proliferation, fibrosis of the portal area, encephalocele and polydactyly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Meckel-Gruber Syndrome (MKS) is an autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by a combination of central nervous system malformation (occipital encephalocele), post-axial[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The typical triad of Meckel-Gruber Syndrome (MGS) involves meningo-encephalocele, polycystic kidneys and postaxial polydactyly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertelorism

    The fronto-nasal type of fronto-ethmoidal encephalocele is one of the more common subtype of anterior encephaloceles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The aim of this paper is to report a case of a patient with paramedian bilateral facial clefts and hypertelorism associated with a severe encephalocele and micro-orbit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most common causes are frontonasal malformations, craniofacial fissures, encephalocele and a miscellaneous group of various syndromic or chromosomal disorders.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congenital Optic Disc Coloboma

    Most established is the finding of a transphenoidal basal encephalocele and midfacial malformations. 7 Transphenoidal encephalocele is an out-pouching of the meningeal sac[aao.org] .), intracranial anomalies (basal encephalocele, other types of encephalocele, affected pituitary gland, corpus callosum agenesis, cerebral midline lipomas, etc.) and renal[orpha.net] […] gliosis abnormalities of visual pathways: hypoplasia of the contralateral optic chiasm as a result of axonal degeneration optic nerve glioma skull base abnormalities: basal encephalocele[radiopaedia.org]

  • Occipital Encephalocele

    Occurrence of more than one Encephalocele in a patient is very rare and very few cases of double encephalocele are reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] encephalocele sac.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most encephaloceles are seen in children shortly after birth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Craniosynostosis-Dandy-Walker Malformation-Hydrocephalus Syndrome

    Encephalocele. Axial NECT shows a small amount of brain protruding posteriorly through a midline defect in the occipital bone. 56 Figure 2. Encephalocele.[slideplayer.com] There was history of excision of occipital encephalocele and insertion of a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt at birth.[indianpediatrics.net] […] to compression of the sac during various manipulations in children with anterior encephalocele. [29] Children with posterior encephalocele are intubated commonly in lateral[ijaweb.org]

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