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49 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Epilepsy, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] Our primary aim was to evaluate whether early EEG abnormalities can predict poststroke epilepsy.[onlinelibrary.wiley.com]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.com] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[amboss.com] We describe the first clinical case with a 1.607 Mb duplication at 3q29 (chr3: 195,731,956-197,339,329), accompanied by severe intellectual disability, epilepsy, and cerebral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Worster-Drought Syndrome

    […] old infarct Figure 2 Figure 2: Axial DW MRI showing focus of restricted diffusion in the left posterior frontal lobe Figure 3 Figure 3: Axial FLAIR MRI showing a region of encephalomalacia[ispub.com] limbs (predominantly contractures with one child having multiple congenital joint contractures, i.e. arythrogryposis multiplex).[doi.org] Worster-Drought syndrome (WDS) (congenital bilateral perisylvian syndrome, congenital pseudobulbar paresia) is characterized by neuronal migration defect, pseudobulbar paralysis, epilepsy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[neuropathology-web.org] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[autoinflammatory-search.org] , risk factor for idiopathic generalized epilepsy and neurodevelopmental disorders 19843651,20502679 DEPDC5 Focal epilepsy with or without focal cortical dysplasia; familal[tests.labmed.washington.edu]

  • Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Type 6

    Thin skin Cerebral calcification Ranula Anxiety Depressivity Congenital cataract Insulin resistance Epididymal cyst Spinal dysraphism Epidermal nevus Hemimegalencephaly Encephalomalacia[mendelian.co] : no evidence for an epilepsy locus in the HLA region.[books.google.com] Clinical presentation is variable and can include calf psuedohypertrophy, joint contractures, scapular winging, muscle cramping and/or facial and respiratory muscle involvement[mendelian.co]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    ; and if the ischemia is still more severe or prolonged, all the gray and white matter in the ischemic zone becomes necrotic, a condition known as cerebral infarction or encephalomalacia[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com] Increase ROM of joints and address contractures and deformity if present. Watch for decubitus ulcers.[quizlet.com] About 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy, and nearly 80% of epilepsy occurs in developing countries. Epilepsy becomes more common as people age.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

    Multicystic encephalomalacia of infancy: clinico-pathological report of 7 cases. J Neurol Sci. 1978 ; 38: 179 - 189.[doi.org] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org] CT change correlates better with IQ and epilepsy than clinical subtype.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.medscape.com] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org] Literatur Aicardi J (1990) Epilepsy in brain-injured children.[link.springer.com]

  • Cerebrovascular Disorder

    The end result is a chronic infarct with focal areas of cystic encephalomalacia and some surrounding parenchymal change due to gliosis.[spinwarp.ucsd.edu] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] […] leading to epilepsy should not occur.[epilepsy.com]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 2

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[omicsonline.org] […] with early joint contractures.[mafiadoc.com]

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