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24 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Extrapyramidal Disorder, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[emedicine.com]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.com] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[amboss.com] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    […] ataxia, slapping foot) joint or muscle contractures neurological examination muscle spasticity increased deep tendon reflexes muscle weakness Babinski positive special tests[orthobullets.com] […] wetness) GI incontinence, diarrhea, constipation urology incontinence, frequency, retention Physical exam inspection assess for gait abnormalities (e.g. wide-based gait, limb[orthobullets.com]

  • Childhood-Onset Idiopathic Basal Ganglia Calcification

    Loss of brain substance and encephalomalacia of white matter result in severe cerebral atrophy.[rrnursingschool.biz] disorder (defects in basal ganglia functioning) Tremors Spasticity (limb stiffness) Muscle rigidity Mask-like appearance of the face Shuffling gait What are some of the less[steadyhealth.com] joint contracture ; Microcephaly ; Seizures ; Short stature ; Spasticity ; Tetraplegia Associated Genes - Mouse Orthologs - Source OMIM:114100 (names, synonyms, disease associated[mousephenotype.org]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] […] features w/dystonia & blepharospasm XL Fragile X-associated tremor / ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) (see FMR1 -Related Disorders ) FMR1 Cerebellar ataxia of adult onset Cognitive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Researchers described 3 patients with EDMD-like phenotype; limb-girdle weakness, early-onset joint contractures, and dystrophic muscle biopsy, but without cardiomyopathy.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[neuropathology-web.org] […] movement disorder Progressive extrapyramidal muscular rigidity Central core regions in muscle fibers Nevus Apnea Feeding difficulties Vomiting Congenital onset X-linked recessive[mendelian.co] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[autoinflammatory-search.org]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster Encephalitis, Viral Encephalitozoonosis Encephalocele Encephalomalacia Encephalomyelitis Encephalomyelitis, Acute[medgene.med.harvard.edu] disorder, such as Parkinson disease (decreasing dopaminergic neuron pool) Evaporative loss may result from the following disorders of eyelid aperture and eyelid-globe congruity[emedicine.medscape.com] ]; Joint contractures; [Hands]; Fifth finger clinodactyly; Brachydactyly NEUROLOGIC: [Central nervous system]; Hypotonia (infancy); Spasticity; Mental retardation; Hydrocephalus[genome.jp]

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.medscape.com] However, movement disorders occur in 50% of patients.[symptoma.com] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    ; and if the ischemia is still more severe or prolonged, all the gray and white matter in the ischemic zone becomes necrotic, a condition known as cerebral infarction or encephalomalacia[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com] This is true of many of the disorders of the basal ganglia and the rest of the extrapyramidal system. However these disorders will be discussed in Chapter 26.[dartmouth.edu] Increase ROM of joints and address contractures and deformity if present. Watch for decubitus ulcers.[quizlet.com]

  • Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Type 6

    Thin skin Cerebral calcification Ranula Anxiety Depressivity Congenital cataract Insulin resistance Epididymal cyst Spinal dysraphism Epidermal nevus Hemimegalencephaly Encephalomalacia[mendelian.co] […] with rhabdomyolysis, Myopathy with cataract and combined respiratory chain deficiency, myopathy with abnormal mitochondrial translation, Fatigue Syndrome, myopathy with extrapyramidal[brevets-patents.ic.gc.ca] Clinical presentation is variable and can include calf psuedohypertrophy, joint contractures, scapular winging, muscle cramping and/or facial and respiratory muscle involvement[mendelian.co]