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17 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Fluctuating Level of Consciousness, Headache

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with headache and mild hypertension after 4-FA use.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Has a depressed level of consciousness (Glasgow Coma Score below 13). Has unexplained progressive or fluctuating symptoms. Has papilloedema, neck stiffness or fever.[patient.info]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The headache preceding an intracranial aneurysm rupture is called a sentinel headache (SH), and it is characterized by a sudden, intense, and persistent headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In Part 1 of this episode on Headache Pearls & Pitfalls – Migraine Headache & Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Dr. Anil Chopra and Dr.[emergencymedicinecases.com] […] in the emergency department on EM Cases: Episode 14 Part 2: Thunderclap Headache – Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Cervical Artery Dissection Best Case Ever 3: Emergency Headache[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    Abstract We report a female patient presenting with headache, fatigue, ecchymoses and recent, excessive vaginal bleeding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] mental status and level of consciousness.[epilepsy.com] Patients may report headache, changes in vision, fever, dyspnea, and encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    […] see also Embolism, brain) 434.1 intracranial (see also Embolism, brain) 434.1 meninges (see also Embolism, brain) 434.1 vessels of brain (see also Embolism, brain) 434.1 Encephalomalacia[icd9data.com] A cerebral embolism increases the risk for an embolic stroke and causes symptoms such as sudden confusion and severe headache, according to the University of Washington Medicine[reference.com] Cerebral manifestations of fat embolism syndrome can be highly variable and non-specific: the symptoms spectrum includes headache, lethargy, irritability, delirium, stupor[radiopaedia.org]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    The question frequently arises whether the neurological symptoms are caused by cerebral hemorrhages as a result of rupture of diseased vessels, encephalomalacias from thrombosis[annals.org] Three patients are described who experienced headache from hypertension: one had acute headache from acute hypertension, one had daily, morning headaches from chronic hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 68-year-old woman presented with thunderclap headache, which led to a search for subarachnoid hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency

    He presented with parieto-occipital encephalomalacia, which resembles severe neonatal hypoglycemia on magnetic resonance imaging.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In two of those three, the occurrence of headaches was decreased.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two of 3 candidates had headaches sometimes, and their activity was less than 40%, and thus they were not employed as the donor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    […] transient ischemic (TIA) 435.9 Claudication, intermittent 443.9 cerebral (artery) (see also Ischemia, cerebral, transient) 435.9 Deficit Disease, diseased - see also Syndrome Encephalomalacia[icd9data.com] Our patient presented with thunderclap headache and transient ischemic attack like episode with obvious SAH on CT scan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 41-year-old man presented with a headache and episodes of hypoesthesia on his left side lasting approximately 30 minutes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalitis

    Eventually, it results in marked cystic encephalomalacia and volume loss in affected areas.[radiopaedia.org] Over-the-counter medications may be used for fever and headache. Individuals with encephalitis or bacterial meningitis are usually hospitalized for treatment.[web.archive.org] Other symptoms include: sudden fever, headache, vomiting, heightened sensitivity to light, stiff neck and back, confusion and impaired judgment, drowsiness, weak muscles,[ninds.nih.gov]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Chronic extra-axial fluid collections, cerebral atrophy, and cystic encephalomalacia are common late sequelae. 29 Sequential cranial imaging studies are recommended.[doi.org] […] psychotherapy was beneficial in de-sensitizing many post-traumatic memories, and in managing post-concussion pain, including neuropathic pain and post-traumatic migraine headaches[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cases are used to demonstrate the commonly encountered pathologies of headache, cognitive issues, and mood disturbances following injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    […] with sparing of white matter. 9-10-13 CT Typical features of infarction such as early loss of grey-white differentiation, hypoattenuation and edema, progressing to chronic encephalomalacia[radiopaedia.org] Thunderclap headache (TCH) refers to a sudden-onset, severe headache that features in subarachnoid hemorrhage, unruptured intracranial aneurysm, cerebral venous thrombosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: Three adolescent males had similar presentations of headache, fluctuating level of consciousness or lethargy, visual disturbance, and variable ataxia after self-administration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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