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108 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Generalized Motor Seizure, Headache

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with headache and mild hypertension after 4-FA use.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The headache preceding an intracranial aneurysm rupture is called a sentinel headache (SH), and it is characterized by a sudden, intense, and persistent headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In Part 1 of this episode on Headache Pearls & Pitfalls – Migraine Headache & Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Dr. Anil Chopra and Dr.[emergencymedicinecases.com] […] in the emergency department on EM Cases: Episode 14 Part 2: Thunderclap Headache – Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Cervical Artery Dissection Best Case Ever 3: Emergency Headache[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Decompression Sickness

    A 33-yr-old man came to the emergency department with the chief complaint of a severe headache and decreased sensation in his right hand following a deep dive on scuba.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although the majority of cases are manifested by joint or limb pains (Type I DCS), patients may present with a wide array of symptoms, such as neurologic deficits, headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Normal videonystagmography and delayed onset of occipital headache finally led to brain MRI that confirmed the presence of recent ischaemic infarction in the territory of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Frontal Lobe Neoplasm

    Fifteen years ago, the patient underwent brain CT scan, revealing right frontal encephalomalacia (Figure 3).[path.upmc.edu] […] headache - increased ICP - seizures - lethargy - memory loss - motor weakness - personality changes What is the survival rate for low grade astrocytomas w/ full excision?[quizlet.com] Focal motor or sensory deficits, including gait disturbance Suspicious headache Signs of elevated ICP (eg, papilledema) Generally, CT is the imaging modality of choice for[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    The question frequently arises whether the neurological symptoms are caused by cerebral hemorrhages as a result of rupture of diseased vessels, encephalomalacias from thrombosis[annals.org] A 68-year-old woman presented with thunderclap headache, which led to a search for subarachnoid hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Three patients are described who experienced headache from hypertension: one had acute headache from acute hypertension, one had daily, morning headaches from chronic hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the patient’s brain showed an area of encephalomalacia in keeping with her previous surgery.[mja.com.au] In children, the most common type of HSV is type 1, and generally affects the frontotemporal lobes of the brain affecting cognition and motor function.[encephalitis.info] A previously healthy 34-year-old Korean female presented with fever, myalgia and severe headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Figure 7 Axial T1-weighted image after gadolinium administration showing complete resolution of lesions with chronic encephalomalacia at 1 year postsurgery and after completing[surgicalneurologyint.com] Focal motor or sensory deficits, including gait disturbance Suspicious headache Signs of elevated ICP (eg, papilledema) Generally, CT is the imaging modality of choice for[emedicine.medscape.com] Other features of headache from brain tumors are as follows: Most headaches in patients with brain tumors are nonspecific and resemble tension-type headaches [1, 2, 3] In[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • MELAS Syndrome

    Brain computed tomographic scan showed encephalomalacia in the right parieto-occipital area and recent hypodensity in the left temporoparieto-occipital area with cortical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MELAS patients generally suffer from prolonged focal seizures that may lead to status epilepticus, but generalized seizures may also occur.[symptoma.com] Abstract MELAS syndrome(mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke like episodes) is a multisystem disorder characterized by short stature, vomiting, headache[e-arm.org]

  • Mollaret's Meningitis

    Case Presentation: A 57‐year‐old woman with a history of herpes encephalitis and residual right temporal lobe encephalomalacia (diagnosed 9 years prior to our encounter) presented[shmabstracts.com] […] maculopapular rash. 8 Seizures or an abrupt deterioration in mental status may indicate progression to meningoencephalitis. 28 Back, buttock, perineal, or lower-extremity[uspharmacist.com] The headache was progressive and bi-frontal.[dx.doi.org]

  • Acute Subdural Hematoma

    The computed tomography scan obtained six days after valve adjustment shows ventricular dilation, residual trace bifrontal extra-axial hypodense collections, and encephalomalacia[jmedicalcasereports.com] Neurosurgeons should be aware that SIH patients do not always present with orthostatic headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 54-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with complaint of sudden headache. The patient had suffered two episodes of transient headache before admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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