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22 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[] […] conditions [ edit ] Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Bilateral brainstem tumors Brain death (of the whole brain or the brain stem or other part) Coma (deep and/or irreversible) GuillainBarré[] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[] Patients with ataxic Guillain-Barré syndrome, as well as those with Miller Fisher syndrome, have been found to carry anti-GQ1b IgG antibodies, suggesting that ataxic Guillain-Barré[] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    ; and if the ischemia is still more severe or prolonged, all the gray and white matter in the ischemic zone becomes necrotic, a condition known as cerebral infarction or encephalomalacia[] , brain or spinal cord tumors, peripheral neuropathy, and Guillain-Barré syndrome Functional disorders, such as headache, epilepsy, dizziness, and neuralgia Degeneration,[] Increase ROM of joints and address contractures and deformity if present. Watch for decubitus ulcers.[]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[] More serious conditions, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, have been associated with Zika infection in adults, but are uncommon.[] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 2

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[] , Refsum's disease, Morvan's syndrome ) Guillain-Barré syndrome - Alcoholic polyneuropathy Diseases of myoneural junction autoimmune : Myasthenia gravis - Lambert-Eaton myasthenic[] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease due to GLUT2 Deficiency

    . : Pschibul A, Janzarik WG, Franck P, Hufnagel M, Beck C, Korinthenberg R: Cystic Encephalomalacia following Vasculopathy and Vasospasm of Proximal Intracranial Arteries[] syndrome 3.5 P * 2103 Guillain-Barré syndrome 1.45 I 2957 Guttmacher syndrome 3 Cases 414 Gyrate atrophy of choroid and retina 200 Cases 168569 H syndrome 100 Cases Without[] Contractures: Distal Pes equinus Low body mass: Small muscles Muscle Scapular winging Respiratory insufficiency Axial: Neck & Trunk Limbs Swallowing: Normal Adult onset:[]

  • Cerebrovascular Disorder

    The end result is a chronic infarct with focal areas of cystic encephalomalacia and some surrounding parenchymal change due to gliosis.[] 0·01% of Zika virus infections result in Guillain-Barré syndrome, congenital Zika syndrome, or death.[] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Type 6

    Thin skin Cerebral calcification Ranula Anxiety Depressivity Congenital cataract Insulin resistance Epididymal cyst Spinal dysraphism Epidermal nevus Hemimegalencephaly Encephalomalacia[] Wilson disease Myopathy Chronic demyelinating inflammatory polyneuropathy Dermatomyositis Guillain-Barré syndrome Paraneoplastic syndrome Lactic acidosis Inborn errors of[] syndrome.[]

  • Lenz-Majewski Syndrome

    EEC (Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting) syndrome Encephalocele Encephalo-Cranio-Cutaneous syndrome Encephalomalacia Exencephaly Exencephaly Facio-Auriculo-Radial[] Landouzy's syndrome info... Landry-Guillain-Barré syndrome info... Landry-Kussmaul syndrome info... Landry's paralysis info... Landry's syndrome info...[] Patients often show disproportionately long limbs with large hands and feet, and flexion contractures of joints are usual skeletal features.[]

  • Pelviscapular Dysplasia

    TYPE UNSPECIFIED 225350 : EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME, TYPE IV, AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE; EDS4 225360 : EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME, TYPE IV-D 225450 : ELLIPTOCYTOSIS, ATYPICAL 225700 : ENCEPHALOMALACIA[] Guillain-Barré syndrome, acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathic form Guttate hypopigmentation and punctate palmoplantar keratoderma Guttmacher syndrome[] contracture of the hand 0009473 Long clavicles Long collarbone 0000890 Mesomelia Disproportionately short middle portion of limb 0003027 Microcornea Cornea of eye less than[]