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296 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Headache

  • Temporal Arteritis

    Clinical manifestations may vary from the classic constellation of temporal headache in the elderly accompanied by constitutional signs, jaw claudication, and visual symptoms[] An 81-year-old man presented with a right temporal headache that had persisted for one month.[] It is one of the few headache conditions that require urgent treatment.[]

  • Neurocysticercosis

    Residual encephalomalacia is noted in the location previously occupied by the cyst.[] Headache frequency among those reporting co-morbid headaches did not differ significantly between the groups.[] Parenchymal cysts are associated with headache and seizures.[]

  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis

    Virtually all of the neuropathologic changes observed in humans congenitally infected with LCMV, including microencephaly, encephalomalacia, chorioretinitis, porencephalic[] On April 20, 2015, a female aged 15 years sought care at her pediatrician's office after 5 days of fever, myalgia, left parietal headache, and photophobia.[] We report a case of 15-year-old girl with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia who had fever, neutropenia, and severe headache while receiving maintenance chemotherapy.[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The headache preceding an intracranial aneurysm rupture is called a sentinel headache (SH), and it is characterized by a sudden, intense, and persistent headache.[] In Part 1 of this episode on Headache Pearls & Pitfalls – Migraine Headache & Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Dr. Anil Chopra and Dr.[] […] in the emergency department on EM Cases: Episode 14 Part 2: Thunderclap Headache – Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Cervical Artery Dissection Best Case Ever 3: Emergency Headache[]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    The question frequently arises whether the neurological symptoms are caused by cerebral hemorrhages as a result of rupture of diseased vessels, encephalomalacias from thrombosis[] Three patients are described who experienced headache from hypertension: one had acute headache from acute hypertension, one had daily, morning headaches from chronic hypertension[] A 68-year-old woman presented with thunderclap headache, which led to a search for subarachnoid hemorrhage.[]

  • Arteriovenous Malformation

    By separating the nidus from adjacent brain (the combined effects of the hematoma cavity and encephalomalacia), the hematoma creates a space for operator and facilitates AVM[] A sudden onset of severe headache is usually a sign of brain hemorrhage and immediate assessment is needed. For headaches, without hemorrhage, analgesics are used.[] Computed tomography without contrast material revealed a new acute intraparenchymal hemorrhage (Panel A, arrow) adjacent to an area of encephalomalacia (Panel A, arrowhead[]

  • Encephalitis

    Eventually, it results in marked cystic encephalomalacia and volume loss in affected areas.[] This 49-year-old woman developed headache and decreasing level of consciousness after 3.5 years of fingolimod therapy.[] In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[]

  • Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed infarct with encephalomalacia in the left parietal lobe abutting the sylvian fissure, and right maxillary, ethmoidal and sphenoidal[] RCM typically presents in a rapidly fulminant manner with headache, fever, mucosal necrosis, and ophthalmic symptoms.[] A 70-year-old woman, with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus, presented with a one-month history of non-specific headaches associated with progressive swelling of her left[]

  • Stroke

    Slurred speech or dysarthria Double vision or other vision problems Headache Nausea and or vomiting This content was last reviewed on 08/16/2018.[] We report on two patients who presented with headache and mild hypertension after 4-FA use.[] […] confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination Sudden severe headache[]

  • Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency

    He presented with parieto-occipital encephalomalacia, which resembles severe neonatal hypoglycemia on magnetic resonance imaging.[] In two of those three, the occurrence of headaches was decreased.[] Two of 3 candidates had headaches sometimes, and their activity was less than 40%, and thus they were not employed as the donor.[]

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