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174 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Headache, Loss of Vision

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 85-year-old woman presented with a two-month history of bilateral scalp ulcerations, followed by permanent loss of vision in the left eye due to the delay in diagnosing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 76-year-old man presented with a 2-week history of red eye and gradual loss of vision in the right eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Decompression Sickness

    A 33-yr-old man came to the emergency department with the chief complaint of a severe headache and decreased sensation in his right hand following a deep dive on scuba.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Visual disturbances : i.e., blurred vision, in which nitrogen bubbles affecting the blood supply to the eyes cause partial loss of vision or sudden total blindness.[global.ihi.com] Although the majority of cases are manifested by joint or limb pains (Type I DCS), patients may present with a wide array of symptoms, such as neurologic deficits, headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with headache and mild hypertension after 4-FA use.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He required three brain surgeries and still suffers left-side paralysis, speech impairment and a 50 percent loss of vision from both eyes.[washingtonexaminer.com]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    […] transient ischemic (TIA) 435.9 Claudication, intermittent 443.9 cerebral (artery) (see also Ischemia, cerebral, transient) 435.9 Deficit Disease, diseased - see also Syndrome Encephalomalacia[icd9data.com] Our patient presented with thunderclap headache and transient ischemic attack like episode with obvious SAH on CT scan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of vision in one eye, unilateral numbness, temporary loss of speech or slurred speech, and localized weakness of… Read More[britannica.com]

  • Susac Syndrome

    MR imaging performed 9 months later demonstrated resolution of the enhancing and high T2 signal intensity anomalies and a small area of encephalomalacia from biopsy.[ajnr.org] Headache is estimated to affect up to 80% of Susac syndrome patients, but the relevance of headache characteristics and profile is not yet clear.[mdpi.com] ; and vision loss.[susacssyndromesupportnetwork.wordpress.com]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The headache preceding an intracranial aneurysm rupture is called a sentinel headache (SH), and it is characterized by a sudden, intense, and persistent headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other manifestations include dizziness, visual impairment, diplopia, and orbital pain.[symptoma.com] In Part 1 of this episode on Headache Pearls & Pitfalls – Migraine Headache & Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Dr. Anil Chopra and Dr.[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Glioblastoma Multiforme

    The vascular changes facilitate the breakdown and removal of the dead brain tissue and lead to the encephalomalacia and atrophy characteristic of old “healed” infarction.[doi.org] Main presenting symptoms included headache (85%), nausea or vomiting (65%), and seizures (35%). Papilledema (45%) was the most common physical finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] difficulties (including decreased vision, double vision, or total loss of vision) Hand tremor Lack of control over the bladder or bowels Loss of balance or coordination,[mountsinai.org]

  • Arteriovenous Malformation

    By separating the nidus from adjacent brain (the combined effects of the hematoma cavity and encephalomalacia), the hematoma creates a space for operator and facilitates AVM[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Medication can often alleviate general symptoms such as headache, back pain, and seizures caused by AVMs and other vascular lesions.[ninds.nih.gov] A patient may suffer weakness or numbness on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, loss of vision, double vision and balance difficulties.[neurosurgery.wustl.edu]

  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    Abstract We report a female patient presenting with headache, fatigue, ecchymoses and recent, excessive vaginal bleeding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some experience less common symptoms such as abdominal pain or sudden loss of vision due to detachment of the retina. How is it diagnosed?[netdoctor.co.uk] He had an incomplete neurological recovery with permanent vision loss but completely recovered from TTP. He also had permanent renal impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed infarct with encephalomalacia in the left parietal lobe abutting the sylvian fissure, and right maxillary, ethmoidal and sphenoidal[jiaomr.in] On follow-up 4 weeks after the first functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), she complained of a severe headache and was readmitted for a second period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He had typical symptoms of numbness and loss of sensations over the temporal region, followed by loss of vision and proptosis, all on the right side of his face.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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